Nina S. Roberts, Ph.D. Professor ~ Department of Recreation, Parks, & Tourism

Image: Photos of SF State students and scenes from around campus

Fulbright Scholar, Senior Researcher, India

Indo-American Environmental Leadership Program


Hart, C. & Roberts, N.S. (2020). Coloring Outside the Lines column.  Sea-Level rise and vanishing coastal parks: A call to action for park managers and leadersParks Stewardship Forum. The interdisciplinary journal of place-based conservation, 36(1), 70-76. (eScholarship downloadable PDF).

Montero, A.C., Roberts, N.S., Wilson, J., & Fonfa, L. (2018). Every kid in the woods: The outdoor education experience of diverse youth. Journal of Interpretation Research, 23(1), 5-25.


Flores, D., Falco, G., Roberts, N.S., & Valenzuela, F.P. (2018, April 21). Recreation equity: Is the Forest Service serving its diverse publics? Journal of Forestry, fvx016 [online with PDF available], (See also USFS Science You Can Use Bulletin, May/June, 2018, Issue 30).

Rao, T. & Roberts, N.S. (2017).  Voices of women of colour: Dreaming of an inclusive outdoor leadership environment.  In, T. Gray & D. Mitten (Eds.), The Palgrave Macmillan International Handbook of Women and Outdoor Learning. London, England: Palgrave Macmillan. (Brief interview w/ the editors).

Roberts, N.S. (2016, November). Review: Black faces white spaces: Reimagining the relationship of African Americans to the great outdoors by Carolyn Finney. The Public Historian 38(4), (pp. 335-337) DOI: 10.1525/tph.2016.38.4.335.


Wolch, J., Brashares, J.S., Kormos, C.F., Lehnertz, C.S. & Roberts, N.S. (2016). The spiritual and cultural significance of nature: Inspiring connections between people and parks. In S. Bessinger, D. Ackerly, H. Doremus, & G.E. Machlis (Eds.). Science, Conservation, and National Parks. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Roberts, N.S. (2016). Intricate yet nourishing: Multiracial women, ecology, and social wellbeing. In J.M. Canty (Ed.)., Ecological and Social Healing: Multicultural Women’s Voices, pp. 78-99. New York, NY: Routledge. (Book panel & discussion, The New School, NYC, 9/8/16)

Barr-Wilson, S. & Roberts, N.S. (2016). Adolescent girls & body image: Influence of outdoor adventure on healthy living. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 8(2), 148-164.

Razani, N., Stookey, J., Brainin-Rodriguez, L., Roberts, N.S., Rutherford, G.W., & Chan, C. (2016). Surmounting barriers to public health/park agency partnerships: Insights from a county public health departmentJournal of Parks & Recreation Administration - Special issue on Healthy Parks, Healthy People, 34(1), 53-67.


Mowatt, R. A., Johnson, C. W., Roberts, N. S., & Kivel, B. D. (2016). “Embarrassingly White”: Faculty racial disparities in American recreation, park & tourism programs. Schole: A Journal Of Leisure Studies & Recreation Education, 31(1), 37-55.

Roberts, N.S. (2015). Race, ethnicity, and outdoor studies:Trends, challenges, and forward momentum. In B. Humberstone, H. Prince & K. Henderson, International Handbook of Outdoor Studies, pp. 341-350. United Kingdom: Routledge.

Roberts, N.S. (2015). Effectively connecting with communities across cultures: There’s no App for that! Special Issue on Diversity Introduction, Journal of Interpretation Research, 20(1), 7-10.

Johnson-Gaither, C., Roberts, N.S., & Hanula, K. (2015). Visitor diversity through the Recreation manager lens: Comparing Forest Service Regions 8 (South) and 5 (California). USDA Forest Service, GTR-SRS-205.

Roberts, N. S. & Rao, T. (2014). The Modern Urban Park: Access and Programming-- Where have we been, where shall we go? Unpublished manuscript. San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA. 15pp.

Roberts, N.S. (2013).  Meeting at the Crossroads: Progress for Multiracial People or Delicate Balance Amid Old Divides? In D. Dustin & K. Schwab (Eds)., Just Leisure: Addressing Social and Environmental Justice in Parks, Recreation and Tourism, pp. 27-34. Urbana, IL: Sagamore. 


Bowser, G., Roberts, N., Simmons, D., & Perales, K. (2012). The color of climate: Ecology, environment, climate change, and women of color— Exploring environmental leadership From the perspective of women of color in science.  In D. Rigling-Gallagher (Ed.), Environmental Leadership: A Reference Handbook, pp. 60-67.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications.


Roberts, N.S. & Chitewere, T. (2011). Speaking of justice: Exploring ethnic minority perspectives of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Environmental Practice, 13(4), 1-16. (E-print copy/online)


Roberts, N.S. (2010). “What Are You, Anyway? From Tea at High Noon to Curry and Masala Dosa:  How Identity and Experience Interact to Challenge the System.” In D. Dustin & K. Paisley (Eds.),Speaking Up/Speaking Out: Working for Social and Environmental Justice, pp. 32-40.  Urbana, IL: Sagamore.


Roberts, N.S. & Suren, A. (2010).  Through the eyes of youth: A qualitative evaluation of outdoor leadership programs.  Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 28(4), 59-80


Roberts, N.S. (2009). Crossing the color line with a different perspective on whiteness and (anti)racism: A response to Mary McDonald.  Journal of Leisure Research, 41(4), 495-509. 


Roberts, N.S. (2009). The impacts of the National Green Corps Eco-club program on students in India and their participation in environmental education activities. Environmental Education Research, 15(4), 443-464.


Roberts, N.S., Chavez, D.J., Lara, B.M., & Sheffield, E.A. (2009). “Serving culturally diverse visitors to forests in California: A resource guide.” General Technical Report, PSW-GTR-222. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 76 p.

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Roberts, N.S. (2008, December).  “Use of Public Lands and Open Space for Recreation: Connecting with Diverse Communities.” In D. Newsom and B. Gentry (Eds.), Broadening the Base through Open Space: Addressing Demographic Trends by Saving Land and Serving People. Yale Conservation Strategies Workshop Proceedings ~  July 9-11, 2008, Monterey, CA.  (Sponsored by Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Report 19).


Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.A. (2008, Winter). A mixed-method approach: Examining constraints effecting ethnic minority visitor use of national parks. Ethnic Studies Review, 31(2), 35-70.


McKenney, P., Budbill, N.W. & Roberts, N.S (2008).  “Girls’ Outdoor Adventure Programs:  History, Theory, and Practice.”  In K. Warren, D. Mitten, T.A. Loeffler (Eds.), Theory of Experiential Education, 4th ed, pp. 532-554. Boulder, CO:  Association for Experiential Education.


Garvey, D., Pace, S., Mitten, D., & Roberts, N.S.,(2008). “A History of AEE.” In K. Warren, D. Mitten, & T.A. Loeffler (Eds.), Theory of Experiential Education, 4th ed., pp. 93-104. Boulder, CO:  Association for Experiential Education.


Roberts, N.S. (2008). “Embracing diversity.” In K. Hamilton & H. Montgomery (Eds.), Our Land. Our Youth. Our Future: Commemorating 50 years of the Student Conservation Association (pp. 39-40). Charlestown, NH: The SCA.


Roberts, N.S. (2008, February). "How multiculturalism in a changing society can influence experiential education" – Observations from the Field: 2007 Kurt Hahn Address. The Horizon, Newsletter of the Association for Experiential Education.


Roberts, N.S. (2006).  Women in the workplace.  Parks & Recreation, 41(10), 43-44, 49-50. Ashburn, VA:  National Recreation and Park Association (Contributing authors:  D. Chavez, M. Dougherty, & K. Hooper).


Rodriguez, D.A. & Roberts, N.S. (2005). Understanding the influence of gender and ethnicity on evaluations of outdoor leader effectivenessWorld Leisure Journal, 47(1), 32-44.


Roberts, N.S. (2005). "147 Practical Tips for Teaching Diversity", Contributing Author. In, W.M. Timpson, R. Yang, E. Borrayo, & S.S. Canetto (Eds.). Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.


Gray, M.S. & Roberts, N.S. (2005). "Wake up! The world is not safe: Your program may not be as safe as you think it is." In C. Jones (Ed.), Proceedings of the 2005 Wilderness Risk Management Conference, Snowbird, UT. October 28-30, 2005. Lander, WY: National Outdoor Leadership School.


Gomez, E., Roberts, N.S., & Chavez, D.J. (2004). “Impact through action, influence and involvement-Ethnic minority recreation: Where to from here?”  In D. Harmon, B.M. Kilgore, and G.E. Vietzke (Eds). Proceedings of the George Wright Society/National Park Service Joint Conference, pp. 251-254.  April 14-18, 2003. San Diego, CA. Hancock, MI: The George Wright Society.


Roberts, N.S. (2004). Interview: Elizabeth C. Titus-Putnam, Founder & Lifetime Board Member, Student Conservation Association. Women in Natural Resources online issue, June 2004.

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Roberts, N.S. (2003). "Partners in stewardship: Considerations for natural resource stewardship and science in national parks." National Park Service, Natural Resource Year in Review. Washington, DC: Department of Interior, National Park Service.


Gray, M.S. & Roberts, N.S. (2003). Culture, competency and risk management: Where will the three meet? Camping Magazine, 76(6), 50-53.


Roberts, N.S. (2003). Interview: Fran Mainella, Director, National Park Service. Women in Natural Resources, 24(2), 2-10.


Roberts, N.S. (2003). “Teaching about diversity issues in natural resources and outdoor recreation courses: Challenges and complexities.” In W. Timpson, S. Canetto, E. Borrayo, & R. Yang (Eds.),Teaching diversity: Challenges and complexities, identities, and integrity, pp. 227-246. Madison, WI: Atwood.


Whatley, M., Roberts, N.S., & Murdock, B.L. (2002). “Critical natural resource issues in the National Parks: Tips and techniques for skillful communication of scientific findings.” In R.S. Paris (Ed.), Interpretive Source book, Proceedings of the National Interpreters Workshop, November 12-16, 2002, (Virginia Beach, VA). Fort Collins, CO: National Association for Interpretation.


Rodriguez, D.A. & Roberts, N.S. (2002). “State of the Knowledge Report: The association of race/ethnicity, gender, and social class in outdoor recreation experiences.” NPS Social Science Program, General Technical Report, Washington, DC: National Park Service.


Roberts, N.S. & Outley, C. (2002). Innovation and Resourcefulness: Recruit and Retain a Diverse Staff in the 21st Century (Research Update). Parks & Recreation, 37(4), 39-47.


Rodriguez, D.A. & Roberts, N.S. (2002). ORRRC at 40! Diversity in America’s parks and outdoors. Parks & Recreation, 37(4), 108-110.


Gwaltney, W.W., Cheek, L., Stevens, J.L., & Roberts, N.S. (2001).  “All the Colors of the Earth: Critical Directions in the Interpretation of American Wilderness”. In NAI conference proceedings, 2001 Interpretive Source book, 19-21.

Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.A. (2001, Sept/Oct). Reaching out: Study finds national parks employ innovative strategies to reach ethnically diverse communitiesNational Parks, 75(9-10), 38-39.


Roberts, N.S. (2001). “From rhythm to rocks: An intimate connection.” In L. West-Smith (Ed.), Body Stories: Research and intimate narratives on women transforming body image in outdoor adventure. Edgewood, KY: Adventurehaven Press.


Roberts, N.S. & Yerkes, R. (Eds.) (2000, Fall). Research in experiential education: Where to from here? Journal of Experiential Education, 23(2), 61-63.


Henderson, K.A. & Roberts, N.S. (1999). An integrative review of the literature on women in the outdoors. In K. Fox, P. Foti, L. McAvoy & A. Young (Eds.). Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Conference Proceedings, January 9-11, 1998. Bradford Woods, IN.


Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.R. (1999, December). Multicultural issues in outdoor education. ERIC Digest. Charleston, WV: ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EDO RC 99 6.


Washington, S. J. & Roberts, N.S. (1999). Adventure education for teaching cross-cultural competencies. Adventure Education(2nd edition), S. Priest & J. Miles (Eds). State College, PA: Venture.


Roberts, N.S. (Ed.). (1998). A Guide to Women's Studies in the Outdoors: A Review of Literature and Research with Annotated Bibliography. Needham Heights, MA: Simon & Schuster..


Roberts, N.S. (1998, Winter). Resource Review of the book, “Measuring Program Outcomes: A practical approach”, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 16(4), 109-111.


Roberts, N.S. (Ed.). (1997). Women in experiential education professional group: A collective account of our roots and growth. Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.


Roberts, N.S. & Gray, S. (1997). The impact of diversity issues on risk management. In J. Gookin (Ed.), Wilderness Risk Managers Conference Proceedings, October 12-14. Snowbird, UT.


Roberts, N.S. & Henderson, K.A. (1997). Women of color in the outdoors: Culture and meanings. Journal of Experiential Education, 20(3), 134-142.


Roberts, N.S. (1996). "Women of color in experiential education: Crossing cultural boundaries." In K. Warren (Ed). Women's voices in experiential education (pp. 226-240). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.


Roberts, N.S. & Winiarczk, E. (1996). "Women in experiential education speak out: An anthology of personal stories across culture." In K. Warren (Ed.). Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 288-312). Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.


Roberts, N.S. (Guest Editor) (1996, December). NAALA in experiential education: Beyond participation (Special Theme Issue). Journal of Experiential Education, Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.


Roberts, N.S. (1996, Summer). Young conservation pioneers in the 90s: Continuing the legacy. Winds of Change, 11(3), 62-63. (American Indian Education & Opportunity).


Henderson, K.A., Winn, S. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Kind of in the middle: The gendered meanings of the outdoors for women students. Third Biennial Outdoor Education Research Symposium Proceedings. Coalition for Education in the Outdoors. Martinsville, IN: Bradford Woods.


Roberts, N.S. & Drogin, E.B. (1996). Attitudes and experiences of women of color in the outdoors. Abstracts from the Symposium on Leisure Research, National Recreation and Park Association Congress, Kansas City, KS.


Henderson, K.A. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Women of color in the outdoors: Involvement and culture Abstracts from the Symposium on Leisure Research. National Recreation and Park Association Congress, Kansas City, KS.


Washington, S.J. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Forming cross-race relationships in experiential education: Exploring the issues. In. B. Baker (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings. Association for Experiential Education 24th International Conference. Spokane, WA.


Roberts, N.S. & Warren K. (1996). Addressing racism in experiential education programs. In B. Baker (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings. Association for Experiential Education 24th International Conference. Spokane, WA.


Roberts, N.S. & Bialeschki, M.D. (1995). Women outdoors: Historical perspective and review of research. In L. Frank (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings (pp. 249-252). Association for Experiential Education 23rd International Conference. Lake Geneva, WI.


Roberts, N.S. (1995, May). Wilderness as therapy for women (Research Update), Parks & Recreation, 30(5), 26-32.


Roberts, N.S. & Drogin, E.B. (1993). The outdoor recreation experience: Factors affecting participation of African American women. Journal of Experiential Education, 16(1), 14-18.


Roberts, N.S. (1992). “The portrayal of women in climbing magazine: A content analysis, 1970-1990.” Master's Thesis (M.A.); University of Maryland, College Park. University Microfilms, Inc. (No: MA0043100001).


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