Scorpions of California and adjacent regions

Compiled by S. C. Williams, 14 May 2004

(Fn=cal scorp ckls3)

 

Checklist of the species of scorpions known to occur naturally in California showing family affinities and regions of occurrence.  

 

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Buthidae

            Centruroides exilicauda (Wood, 1863) (= C. sculpturatus Ewing, 1928)

 

Superstitioniidae

            Superstitionia donensis Stahnke, 1940

 

Iuridae

            Anuroctonus phaiodactylus (Wood, 1863)

            Hadrurus arizonensis Ewing, 1928

                        H. arizonensis arizonensis Ewing, 1928

                        H. arizonensis pallidus Williams, 1970

                        H. a. arizonensis X H. a. pallidus intergrades

            Hadrurus obscurus  Williams, 1970

            Hadrurus spadix Stahnke, 1940

 

Vaejovidae

            Paruroctonus arenicola Haradon, 1984

                        P. arenicola arenicola Haradon, 1984

                        P. arenicola nudipes Haradon, 1984

            Paruroctonus auratus (Gertsch & Soleglad), 1966

            Paruroctonus baergi (Williams & Hadley, 1967)

            Paruroctonus bantai (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1966)

                        P. bantai bantai (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1966)

                        P. bantai saratoga Haradon, 1985

            Paruroctonus becki (Gertsch & Allred, 1965)

            Paruroctonus boreus (Girard, 1854)

            Paruroctonus borregoensis Williams, 1972

                        P. borregoensis actites Haradon, 1984 

                        P. borregoensis borregoensis Williams, 1972

            Paruroctonus hirsutipes Haradon, 1984

            Paruroctonus luteolus (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1966)

            Paruroctonus maritimus Williams, 1987

            Paruroctonus marksi Haradon, 1984

            Paruroctonus shulovi (Williams, 1970)

                        P. s. nevadae Haradon, 1985

                        P. s. shulovi Williams, 1970

            Paruroctonus silvestrii (Borelli,1909)

            Paruroctonus simulatus Haradon, 1985

            Paruroctonus variabilis Hjelle, 1982

            Paruroctonus xanthus (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1966)

            Pseudouroctonus andreas (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)          

            Pseudouroctonus angelenus (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

            Pseudouroctonus bogerti (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

Pseudouroctonus glimmei (Hjelle, 1972)

Pseudouroctonus  iviei (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

            Pseudouroctonus  minimus (Kraepelin, 1911)

                        P. minimus castaneus (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

                        P. minimus minimus (Kraepelin, 1911)

            P. minimus thompsoni (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

            Pseudouroctonus williamsi (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

Serradigitus deserticola (Williams, 1970)

Serradigitus gertschi (Williams, 1968)

S.  gertschi gertschi (Williams, 1968)

                        S.  gertschi striatus (Hjelle, 1972)

            Serradigitus gramenestris (Williams, 1970)

            Serradigitus harbisoni (Williams,1970)

            Serradigitus joshuaensis (Soleglad, 1972)

            Serradigitus subtilimanus (Soleglad, 1972)

            Serradigitus torridus  Williams & Berke, 1986           

            Serradigius wupatkiensis (Stahnke, 1940)

            Smeringerus aridus (Soleglad, 1972)

Smeringerus mesaensis (Stahnke, 1957)

            Smeringerus vachoni (Stahnke, 1961)

                        S. vachoni immanus (Soleglad, 1972)

                        S. vachoni vachoni  (Stahnke, 1961)

            Uroctonites giulianii Williams & Savary, 1991

            Uroctonites montereus (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

            Uroctonites sequoia (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972)

            Uroctonus franckei Williams, 1986

            Uroctonus grahami Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972           

Uroctonus mordax Thorell, 1876

            U. mordax pluridens Hjelle, 1972

            U. mordax mordax Thorell, 1876

Vaejovis coloradensis Williams 1970

            Vaejovis confusus Stahnke, 1940

            Vaejovis hirsuticauda Banks, 1910

Vaejovis puritanus Gertsch, 1958

Vaejovis spicatus Haradon, 1974

Vaejovis spinigerus (Wood, 1863)

            Vaejovis waeringi Williams 1970

 

Taxa reported from adjacent areas and probably also occurring in California:

 

        Vaejovidae

Paruroctonus ammonastes Haradon, 1984

Paruroctonus stahnkei (Gertsch & Soleglad, 1966)

Paruroctonus utahensis (Williams, 1968)

Smeringerus grandis (Williams, 1970)

 

 

Species occasionally introduced into California, but not considered established:

 

Buthidae

Centruroides gracilis (Latreille, 1804)  -- agricultural transport

Centruroides limpidus (Karsch, 1879)   --  tourist transport

Centruroides noxious Hoffmann, 1932   --  tourist transport

Isometrus maculatus (Degeer, 1778)   --  agricultural and commercial transport

 

Scorpionidae

                        Pandinus spp.  -- pet shop industry