Vance T. Vredenburg

Vredenburg Amphibian Research Group

David Liittschwager
                                                                                    pdf version  
Vance Thomas Vredenburg
Assistant Professor
Department of Biology
San Francisco State University

Research Area:  
Amphibian ecology, evolution and conservation, disease ecology, food webs

University Address:
Department of Biology; 1600 Holloway Avenue, HH 754; San Francisco, CA 94132, USA; Email: vancev@sfsuedu; Telephone: 415-338-7296
Web pages: http://biologysfsuedu/people/vance-vredenburg

•	PhD, University of California, Berkeley (Integrative Biology), Dec 2002 “The effects of introduced trout and ultraviolet radiation on anurans in the Sierra Nevada” Co-advisors: Dr Mary E Power and Dr David B Wake
•	BA, University of California, Santa Barbara (Biology), 1992

Professional background 
•	2007- to present Assistant Professor Department of Biology, San Francisco State University
•	2007- to present Research Associate Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California Berkeley
•	2008- to present Research Associate California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, USA
•	2003-2007 Postdoctoral Scholar Department of Integrative Biology and Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California Berkeley 
•	1998-to present Co-Founder and Associate Director of an online bioinformatics project promoting science and conservation of the world’s amphibians

Research Grants 
(Currently funded)
2011-2013 National Science Foundation; The effects of climate change and fungal disease on Andean montane frogs; V Vredenburg (PI) 

2011-2012 The Rufford Small Grants Foundation, Grants for Nature Conservation; Conservation of montane forest anurans in Southeastern Peru; C Catenazzi (PI), A Swei (Co-PI), V Vredenburg (Co-PI) 

2011-2012 US Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Without Borders-Amphibians in Decline; Can we prevent a chytridiomycosis epidemic in the Philippines? V Vredenburg (PI)

2012-2013 Hagey Venture Fund, California Academy of Sciences; Museum collections hold a key to today's conservation crisis: tracking the African origin and spread of the amphibian fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis; D. Blackburn (PI), J Hanken (Co-PI), L van Sittert (Co-PI), V Vredenburg (Co-PI) 

2007-2012 National Science Foundation; After the crash: factors allowing host persistence following outbreaks of a highly virulent disease; C Briggs (PI), C Moritz (Co-PI), R Knapp (Co-PI), E Rosenblum (Co-PI), V Vredenburg (Co-PI)

2008-2010 CALFED-Bay Delta Program; Climate change impacts to San Francisco Bay-Delta wetlands: Links to pelagic food webs and predictive responses based on landscape modeling; T Parker (PI), J Callaway (Co -PI), M Kelli (Co-PI), V Vredenburg (Co-PI) 

Publications (*SFSU Master's student; #SFSU Undergraduate student)
In Review 
1.	Woodhams, DC, Rollins-Smith, LA, Reinert, LK, Lam, BA, Harris, RN, Briggs, CJ, Vredenburg, VT; Caprioli, RM Chaurand, P Microbial biotherapy causes immunomodulation of brevinin-1Ma, a novel antifungal peptide from the skin of mountain yellow-legged frogs, Rana muscosa (Peptides)
2.	Woodhams, DC, Geiger, CC, Reinert, LK, Rollins-Smith, LA, Lam, BA, Harris, RN, Briggs, CJ, Vredenburg, VT; Voyles, J Treatment of amphibians with chytrid fungus: learning from failed trials with itraconizole, antimicrobial peptides, bacteria, and heat therapy (Diseases of Aquatic Organisms)
3.	Bishop*, MR, RC Drewes, and VT Vredenburg Stable isotope approach illustrates the importance of terrestrial prey to the California red-legged frog (Conservation Biology)
4.	Voyles, J, TS Tunstall, J Parker, EB Rosenblum, CJ Briggs, VT Vredenburg Pathophysiology in mountain yellow-legged frogs during a chytridiomycosis outbreak points to intervention strategies for wild amphibians (PLoS ONE)
5.	Reeder, NMM, A Pessier, and VT Vredenburg A reservoir species for the emerging amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis thrives in a landscape decimated by disease (PLoS ONE)
6.	Murrieta-Galindo, R, G Parra-Olea, A Gonzalez-Romero, F Lopez-Barrera, and VT Vredenburg Presence and prevalence of Chytridiomycosis in amphibians inhabiting cloud forests and coffee agrosystems in central Veracruz, Mexico (EcoHealth)

In Press 
1.	Vásquez Almazán, CR, and VT Vredenburg (2011) Discovery of the lethal amphibian fungal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, in a direct-developing salamander in Guatemala Herpetological Review

1.	Swei, A, JJL Rowley, D Rödder, MLL Diesmos, AC Diesmos, CJ Briggs, R Brown, TT Cao, TL Cheng*, B Han, J Hero, DH Hoang, MD Kusrini, TTD Le, M Meegaskumbura, T Neang, SPhimmack, D Rao, NMM Reeder*, SD Schoville, N Sivongxay, N Srei, M Stöck, B Stuart, L Torres#, TAD Tran, TS Tunstall, D Vieites, and VT Vredenburg (2011) Is Chytridiomycosis an Emerging Infectious Disease in Asia? PLoS ONE 6(8): e23179 
2.	Cheng*, TL, S Rovito, DB Wake and VT Vredenburg Coincident mass extinction of neotropical amphibians with the emergence of the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis 2011 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(23):9502-9507
a)	Review of Cheng et al 2011: Lips KR 2011 Museum collections: Mining the past to manage the future Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108(23):9323-9324
b)	Cheng, et al. 2011 won the Best Student Paper Award at the Ecological Society of America general meeting 2011
3.	Schoville, SD, TS Tustall, VT Vredenburg, AR Backlin, DA Wood, RN Fisher 2011 Conservation of evolutionary lineages of the endangered mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa (Amphibia: Ranidae), in southern California Biological Conservation 144:2031-2040
4.	Reeder*, NMM, TL Cheng*, VT Vredenburg, and DC Blackburn 2011 Survey of the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis from montane and lowland frogs in eastern Nigeria Herpetology Notes 4:83-86
5.	Catenazzi A, E Lehr, LO Rodriguez, and VT Vredenburg 2011 Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and the collapse of anuran species richness and abundance in the upper Manu National Park, southeastern Peru Conservation Biology 25: 382-391
6.	Catenazzi, A, VT Vredenburg, and E Lehr 2010 Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in the live frog trade of Telmatobius (Anura: Ceratophryidae) in the Tropical Andes Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 92:187-191
7.	Blackburn, DC, B J Evans, AP Pessier, VT Vredenburg 2010 An enigmatic mass mortality event in the only population of the Critically Endangered Cameroonian frog Xenopus longipes (Anura: Pipidae) African Journal of Herpetology 59:1-12
8.	Vredenburg, VT, LM Chan, T Tunstall, and JM Romansic 2010 Does UV-B radiation affet embryos of three high-elevation amphibian species in California? Copeia 2010:502–512
9.	Lam, BA, J B Walke, VT Vredenburg, and RN Harris 2010 Proportion of individuals with anti-Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis skin bacteria is associated with population persistence in the frog Rana muscosa Biological Conservation 143 (2010):529-531 
10.	Vredenburg, VT, RA Knapp, T Tunstall, and CJ Briggs 2010 Dynamics of an emerging disease drive large-scale amphibian population extinctions Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:9689-9694
	Reviews and other significant citations of Vredenburg et al 2010: 
a)	Blaustein, AR and PTJ Johnson 2010 When an infection turns lethal Nature c
b)	Jeremy, A 2010 Epidemiology: It’s not easy being green Nature Reviews Microbiology 8:467 
c)	Kinney, V C, J L Heemeyer, A P Pessier, and M J Lannoo 2011 Seasonal pattern of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection and mortality in lithobates areolatus: Affirmation of Vredenburg's "10,000 zoospore rule" PLoS ONE 6(3):e16708
11.	Briggs, CJ, RA Knapp, and VT Vredenburg 2010 Enzootic and Epizootic Dynamics of the Chytrid Fungal Pathogen of Amphibians Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:9695-9700 
12.	Harris, RN, RM Brucker, JB Walke, MH Becker, CR Schwantes, DC Flaherty, BA Lam, DC Woodhams, CJ Briggs, VT Vredenburg, KPC Minbiole 2009 Skin microbes on frogs prevent morbidity and mortality caused by a lethal skin fungus The ISME Journal 3:818-824 
13.	Wake, DB, and VT Vredenburg 2008 Are we in the midst of the sixth mass extinction? A view from the world's amphibians Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:11466-11473 
14.	FrÍas-Álvarez P, V T Vredenburg, M Familiar-Lopez, JE Longcore , E Gonzalez-Bernal, G Santos-Berrera, L Zambrano, and G Parra-Olea  2008 Chytridiomycosis survey in wild and captive Mexican amphibians EcoHealth 5: 18-26 
15.	Morgan, JAT, VT Vredenburg, LJ Rachowicz, RA Knapp, MJ Stice, T Tunstall, RE Bingham, JM Parker, JE Longcore, C Moritz, CJ Briggs, JW Taylor 2007 Population genetics of the frog killing fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(34): 13845-13850  
16.	Woodhams, DC, VT Vredenburg, M Simon, D Billheimer, B Shakhtour, Y Shyr, CJ Briggs, LA Rollins-Smith, RN Harris 2007 Symbiotic bacteria contribute to innate immune defenses of the threatened mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa Biological Conservation 138: 390-398
17.	Finlay, JC and VT Vredenburg  2007 Introduced trout sever trophic connections in watersheds: consequences for a declining amphibian  Ecology 88(9): 2187-2198
18.	Vredenburg, VT, R Bingham, R Knapp, JAT Morgan, C Moritz, and D Wake 2007 Concordant molecular and phenotypic data delineate new taxonomy and conservation priorities for the endangered mountain yellow-legged frog (Ranidae: Rana muscosa) Journal of Zoology 271(4): 361-374  
19.	Knapp, RA, DM Boiano, and VT Vredenburg  2007 Recovery of a declining amphibian (mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa) following removal of nonnative fish Biological Conservation 135: 11-20
20.	Rollins-Smith, LA, DC Woodhams, LK Reinert, VT Vredenburg, CJ Briggs, PF Nielsen, and JM Conlon 2006  Antimicrobial Peptide Defenses of the Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog (Rana muscosa) Developmental & Comparative Immunology 30(9): 831-842
21.	Rachowicz, LJ, RA Knapp, JAT Morgan, MJ Stice, VT Vredenburg, JM Parker and CJ Briggs 2006 Emerging infectious disease as a proximate cause of amphibian mass mortality Ecology 87(7): 1671-1683 
22.	Briggs, C, VT Vredenburg, RA Knapp, and LJ Rachowicz 2005 Investigating the population-level effects of chytridiomycosis, a fungal disease of amphibians Ecology 86(12):3149-3159
23.	Rachowicz, LJ, JM Hero, JAT Morgan, VT Vredenburg, J Taylor, CJ Briggs 2005 The novel and endemic pathogen hypothesis: explanations for the origin of an emerging infectious disease of wildlife Conservation Biology 19(5):1441-1448 
24.	Vredenburg, VT 2004 Reversing introduced species effects: Experimental removal of introduced fish leads to rapid recovery of declining frog Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101(20):7646-7650  
25.	Rachowicz, LJ and VT Vredenburg 2004 Transmission of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis within and between amphibian life stages Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 61:75-83
26.	Macey, JR J Stasburg, J Brisson, VT Vredenburg, M Jennings, and A Larson 2001 Molecular phylogenetics of western North American frogs of the Rana boylii species group Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19(1):131-143
27.	Vredenburg, VT, T Tunstall, H Nguyen, J Romansic and S Schoville  2001 Hydromantes platycephalus (Mt Lyell salamander) Herpetological Review 32:178
28.	Vredenburg, VT, and AP Summers  2001 Field Identification of chytridiomycosis in Rana muscosa Herpetological Review 32:151-152
29.	Vredenburg, VT 2000 Natural History Notes: Rana muscosa (mountain yellow-legged frog), conspecific egg predation Herpetological Review 31:170-171
30.	Vredenburg, V T, Y Wang, and G Fellers 2000 Scientific meeting raises awareness of amphibian decline in Asia FrogLog 42: 2-3
31.	Knapp, R A, V T Vredenburg, and K M Matthews 1998 Effects of stream channel morphology on golden trout spawning habitat and recruitment Ecological Applications  8(4):1104-1117
32.	Knapp, RA, and VT Vredenburg 1996 A field comparison of the substrate composition of golden trout redds using two sampling techniques North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16:674-681
33.	Knapp, RA, and VT Vredenburg 1996 Spawning by California golden trout: characteristics of spawning fish, seasonal and daily timing, redd characteristics, and microhabitat preferences Transactions of the North American Fisheries Society 125(4):519-531
34.	Knapp, RA, PC Sikkel, and VT Vredenburg 1995 Age of clutches in nests and the with-in nest spawning-site preferences of three damselfish species (Pomacentridae) Copeia(1995):78-88
Book Chapters and other publications In Press 2011
1.	Catenazzi, A, E Lehr, LO Rodriguez, and VT Vredenburg Amphibian Disease in the Peruvian Andes 2011 Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
2.	Vredenburg, VT, M Koo, K Whittaker, and DB Wake 2011 Global Declines of Amphibians In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity Elsevier Press
3.	Cheng*, TL, S Rovito, DB Wake and VT Vredenburg (In Press) Museum specimens reveal spread of pathogen and collapse of amphibians in Central America Froglog
4.	A Swei, JJL Rowley, D Rödder, MLL Diesmos, AC Diesmos, CJ Briggs, R Brown, TT Cao, TL Cheng*, B Han, J Hero, DH Hoang, MD Kusrini, TTD Le, M Meegaskumbura, T Neang, SPhimmack, D Rao, NMM Reeder*, SD Schoville, N Sivongxay, N Srei, M Stöck, B Stuart, L Torres#, TAD Tran, TS Tunstall, D Vieites, and VT Vredenburg (In Press) Prevalence and distribution of chytridiomycosis throughout Asia FroLog 98
Book Chapters and other publications
1.	Vredenburg, V. T., C. J. Briggs, and R. N. Harris. 2011. Host-pathogen dynamics of amphibian chytridiomycosis: The role the skin microbiome in health and disease In Fungal diseases: An emerging threat to human, animal and plant health, edited by L. Olsen, E. R. Choffnes, D. A. Relman and L. Pray. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press IOM (Institute of Medicine). Pp. 342-355.
2.	Vredenburg, VT, M McDonald, & T Sayre (2010) Amphibians and Climate Change Natural Selections 6(1):10-12
3.	Vredenburg, VT, MS Koo, and DB Wake 2008 Declines of amphibians in California In Hoffman, M (Ed), Threatened Amphibians of the World Lynx Ediciones, Barcelona, Spain, pp 126
4.	Vredenburg, VT, G Fellers, and C Davidson 2005 The mountain yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa) In Lannoo, MJ (Ed), Status and Conservation of US Amphibians University of California Press, Berkeley, California, USA, pp 563-566

Honors and Awards
	Presidential Award for Professional Development of Probationary Faculty Spring 2012 (SFSU)

Teaching Experience at SFSU
	Ecology (BIOL 482) 40-60 undergraduates 
	Ecology and Evolution Seminar (BIOL 862) 12-18 graduate students 
	Vertebrate Evolution and Natural History (BIOL 470) 20 undergraduates 

Student Mentoring
Master’s Students-Chair
1.	Natalie Reeder; Potential role of the pacific chorus frog in the spread of chytridiomycosis disease (6-25-2010) [This thesis was San Francisco State University’s nomination for the 2010 Western Association of Graduate Studies Distinguished Master’s Thesis Award 2010]
2.	Tina Cheng; The effects of chytridiomycosis disease on Central American salamanders (please see publication #2, published in PNAS; winner Ecological Society of America BEST STUDENT PAPER 2011) 
3.	Meghan Bishop*; Habitat use and conservation of red-legged frogs in coastal California (*Official Chair was Dr R Drewes at the California Academy of Sciences)
	In progress
1.	Sam McNally; Tracking the spread of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis through amphibians in California's Sierra Nevada
2.	Stephanie Hyland; Development of a rapid PCR Assay for Janthinobacterium lividum, a bacterium that occurs symbiotically on amphibian skin
3.	Raul Figueroa; Was the fungal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, spread throughout Asia by the amphibian food and pet trade?
4.	Celeste Dodge; Effects of a fungal pathogen on the Yosemite Toad (Bufo canorus)?
5.	Danquing Shao; Investigating the role of introduced American Bullfrogs in the spread chytridiomycosis disease in Chinese amphibians?
6.	Gabriela Rios-Sotelo; Did the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis originate from Japan?
7.	Angel Jacobo Conde; The amphibian chytrid pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Guatemala
Master’s Students-Committee Member
1.	Kim Vincent (Chair  E Routman), The effects of pesticides on tadpoles
2.	Anthony Chazar (Chair Dr R Sehgal), Effects of deforestation on the prevalence and diversity of blood parasites in two African rainforest birds
3.	Maria Tonione (Chair E Routman), Microsatellite variation in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis
4.	Jenny Carlson (Chair R Seghal), Evolution of blood pathogens
5.	Hazel Thwin (Chair J Dumbaucher), Ornithology of Myanmar
6.	Molly Dodge (Chair R Sehgal), Transmission of haemosporidian pathogens in resident and migrating birds
7.	Holly Archer (Chair R Seghal), Emerging infectious disease and blood parasite prevalence in countryside birds
8.	Stephen Micheletti (Chair E Routman), Population structure of Side-blotched Lizards (Uda stansburiana): Displaying adaptive dorsal coloration
	In progress
1.	Alexandra Vasquez Ochoa; El ensambleaje de anfibios en 13 localidades de la region Andina central oriental, Orinoquia y Amazonia de Colombia; Pontificia Universidad  la Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia
PhD Students-Committee Member
	In progress
1.	Brooke Talley (Chair K Lips, Southern Illinois University), Distribution of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in amphibians of Illinois 
Undergraduate students currently conducting research in my lab
1.	Lauren Gillespie (3 units independent study)
2.	Dominique Sevi (volunteer)
3.	Sonia Ghose (volunteer-postgrad)
4.	Lauren Price  (volunteer)
5.	Lilia Torres (volunteer-postgrad)
6.	Cory Singer (volnteer)
7.	Mark Russell (3 units independent study)
8.	Christy Fox (volunteer)
9.	Nidia Contreras (3 units independent study)
10.	Catherine Escarcega	(1 unit independent study)
11.	Tiffany Trujillo  (3 units independent study)
12.	Erica Ely (3 units independent study)
13.	Matthew West (3 units independent study)
14.	Eric Ng (volunteer-postgrad)
15.	Farishta Safi (3 units independent study)
16.	Nicole Solano (volunteer)
University Level
1.	San Francisco State University Academic Senator (elected Spring 2011)
2.	Curriculum Review and Approval Committee
Departmental Level 
1.	Undergraduate General Biology Major advisor 
Graduate Student advising 
1.	Weekly lab meetings in Vredenburg Lab, students participate in reading and evaluating recent scientific publications, present updates on student and lab projects and report on animal status in the SFSU animal care facility
2.	Weekly individual meetings with graduate students 
New Course Development 
1.	Biol 470 Evolution and Natural History of Vertebrates - course includes lectures, weekly laboratories and field trips (This course uses preserved museum specimens maintained at SFSU by Vredenburg) 
Committee work
1.	CRAC -Curriculum Review and Approval Committee 
2.	Biology Undergraduate and Graduate Scholarship Committee (2009-2010)
3.	CSU System-wide Student Research Competition Judge (2009-2010)
4.	Undergraduate Curriculum Committee Department of Biology (2008-2010)
5.	College of Science and Engineering Project Showcase Judge (2009-2010)
6.	Biology Chair Evaluation Committee (2011)

Synergistic Activities
1.	Co-Founder and Associate Director: an online research and conservation resource for the world’s amphibians This site has an average of 20,000+ successful queries per day by students, conservation scientists, and the general public 
2.	Faculty Sponsor at SFSU for 7 current graduate students and 16 undergraduate students (4 undergraduates are underrepresented minority students receiving funding from NSF and NIH) 
3.	Provided training in the form of lectures, field trips and lab methodology in Spanish to students and faculty in Latin America (Training Course on Quantitative PCR Detection of Chytridiomycosis, Mexico City, Mexico, at UNAM, for the Red de Análisis para los Anfibios Neotropicales Amenazados; and in Guatemala City, Guatemala for the Museo de Historia Natural, Univ de San Carlos de Guatemala; and to professors and students at Pontificia Universidad la Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia)

Public Outreach/Education/News coverage of the Vredenburg Lab
1.	Animal Planet: The Vanishing Frog with Jeff Corwin; 11-20-09 
2.	ABC-News; CNN; CBS Evening News (various appearances)
1.	NPR-Science Friday-Modern Extinctions (KQED; 5-14-10)
2.	WALO 1240 AM Radio Puerto Rico (6-22-10)- in Spanish
Movie Documentaries
1.	NSF Science Nation (Disappearing Frogs: Trying to save the world’s amphibians, by Miles O’Brien and Marsha Walton; 11-2-09)
2.	NPR KQED QUEST (Disappearing Frogs; 5-15-08)
Print/News media  
1.	National Geographic Magazine (4-1-09); The Vanishing by Jenny Holland
2.	New York Times (05-10-10); Toiling against a deadly disease to save a threatened frog by Erica Rex
3.	Popular Science (in press); Can skin microbes save our frogs? By Susannah Locke
4.	GEO Magazine (Germany; 07/01/10); Amphibians in Crisis by Markus Wolff
5.	National Parks Magazine (2011)
6.	Audubon Magazine (2011)
7.	Deep-Sea News (volume5: 9-12-2011)
Biology Textbook featuring Vredenburg research
1.	Campbell, NA, & Reece, J B (In Press) Biology, Benjamin Cummings, 8th edition pp650-651  (This is the most commonly used Biology textbook in Introductory Biology Courses in the USA)
Collaborators & Other Affiliations
1.	Collaborators and Co-Editors J Taylor, C Moritz (UC Berkeley); R Knapp, C Briggs (UC Santa Barbara), E Rosenblum (U Idaho) 
2.	Graduate and Postdoctoral Advisors PhD co-advisors Mary Power and David Wake (UC Berkeley); postdoc advisor Cheryl Briggs (UC Santa Barbara)
3.	Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor Master’s students: completed (3) Natalie Reeder (6-25-10); Tina Cheng (6-25-11), Meghan Bishop (5-22-11) current (7) Celeste Dodge, Raul Figeroa*, Stephanie Hyland*, Danquing Shao, Gabriela-Rios-Sotelo*, Sam McNally, and Angel J. Pereira*		(*underrepresented minority)
1.	National Science Foundation Panelist (2010-2012)
	Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant 
	Graduate Research Fellowship Program 
	Integrative Organismal Systems 
	Advisory Panel for Pre-Proposal Population and Community Ecology 
2.	National Geographic (research grants)
3.	Scientific Journals
a)	Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
b)	Public Library of Science Biology 
c)	Public Library of Science Pathogens
d)	Conservation Biology
e)	Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Invited presentations/lectures 
1.	Special Forums	
a)	National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine, Dec 2010 Forum on Microbial threats: Fungal Diseases; Washington, DC (see published book chapter 2011)
2.	Departmental Seminars
a)	2012 Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombia
b)	2012 La Javeriana University, Bogota, Colombia
c)	2011 Oakland Museum
d)	2011 California Academy of Sciences
e)	2010 University of Nevada Reno, Dept of Biology
f)	2009 University of San Francisco, Dept of Biology
g)	2008 Department of Zoology; Southern Illinois University
h)	2008 Department of Biology; Museo de Historia Natural, Guatemala City, Guatemala
i)	2007 Department of Biology; University of Puerto Rico, PR USA
j)	2005 Department of Ecology and Evolution; University of California Santa Cruz
k)	2002 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; University of Connecticut 
3.	Scientific Meetings
a)	2012 World Congress of Herpetology - symposium presentation
b)	2011 Ecological Society of America- symposium presentation
c)	2009, 2011, 2012 Integrative Research Challenges in Environmental Biology; Amphibian declines and chytridiomycosis; Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona
d)	2007 Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation; Amphibian declines and chytridiomycosis; Tempe, Arizona
Symposium Organizer 
1.	2012 World Congress of Herpetology: Reversing the effects of introduced species on amphibians; Vancouver, B.C., Canada
2.	2012 Ecological Society of America: The role of the skin microbiome in amphibian health, from ecology and immunology to conservation applications; Portland, Oregon
3.	2011 Ecological Society of America: Towards trait-based disease ecology: integrating theory and data across kingdoms; Austin, Texas
4.	2007 Ecological Society of America: Disease emergence and amphibian decline: using ecology to understand patterns and promote restoration; San Jose, California
5.	2005 Declining Amphibian Population Task Force; Berkeley, California
6.	2000 Amphibian Conservation; 4th Asian Herpetological Conference; Chengdu, China
Provided qPCR Prep and Analysis Training
1.	NSF Collaborative Network
a)	The Research and Analysis Network for Neotropical Amphibians (Red de Análisis para los Anfibios Neotropicales Amenazados); Training Course on Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) Detection of Chytridiomycosis; invited by Dr Gabriela Parra (Univ Nacional Autonoma de Mexico) Course co-funded by NSF and the IUCN Amphibian Specialist Group
2.	Faculty - Pontificia Universidad la Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia
3.	Postdocs - UC Berkeley; Gonzaga University; Smithsonian Institution
4.	Graduate students - Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico; Southern Illinois University; Museo de Historia Natural, Guatemala City, Guatemala; Pontificia Universidad la Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia