1. Experimental psychology emerged in the eighteenth century in England ( )
2. The founders of experimental psychology were: Weber, Skinner, and Mueller ( ).
3. Genetic psychology emphasizes inherited characteristics. ( ).
4. A priori means given, assumed, needing no proof or demonstration. ( )
5. During the nineteenth century, Germany was emerging as a major world power. ( )
6. The advanced education in England encouraged basic research. ( )
7. Germany possessed, during the l9th century, a technology exceeding any other country. ( )
8. Science and technology are basically the same thing.
9. Scientific methods in England were naturalistic; in Germany, experimental.
10. Laboratories are used in naturalistic observations.
11. German higher education used large lectures and demonstrations. ( )
12. Graduate study in the United States was patterned after that in England. ( )
13. Kant experimentally demonstrated that "time" is a variable in mental functioning. ( )
14. Time became an important characteristic in psychology because of the early recognition that the mind was immortal. ( )17
15. Mueller's specific energies of nerves doctrine maintained that different sets of nerves were responsible for coding different kinds of sensations we received from the outside world. ( )
16. Helmholtz extended Mueller's doctrine by suggesting that within each sense modality (e.g. vision) there were even more specific nerves to code for different kinds of vision (e.g. different colors). 9)
17. Everyone seemed to be looking for elements (the Greeks for the underlying reality; Galileo and Locke the primary qualities; Mueller the specific nerves; Mill, the simple ideas). ( )
18. If there were basic elements under ideas then there must be some process by which one get transformed into the other. ( )
19. Helmholtz and his friends vowed to explain everything in vitalistic terms. ( )
20. Reductionism refers to explaining one phenomenon by reference to a more elementary phenomenon (e.g. explain psychology by physiology). ( )
21. Members of the Helmholtz school of medicine were influential in training the founder of psychoanalysis and the founder of behaviorism. ( )
22. Helmholtz believed that all colors were coded in the eye by the same kinds of cells ( )
23. The Young-Helmholtz theory of color proposes that the mixture of red and green light produces the sensation of yellow. ( )
24. The Hering theory is a three color theory. ( )
25. Helmholtz' theory of hearing is that different cells respond to different frequencies of sound. ( )
26. Boring calls Aristotle the father of experimental psychology. ( 19)
27. Weber discovered that sensation could be quantified. ( )
28. Weber discovered that in order to detect a noticeable difference in stimulation, the change would have to be a constant fraction, not a constant amount. ( )
29. Fechner's psychophysical formula was: R = fS. ( )
30. According to Wundt, ideas develop in two ways: associations and fusions. ( )
31. Apperception is the focusing of the mind on one aspect of the conscious field. ( )
32. Motor refers to muscle movements.
33. Focusing on the sensory part of an act produces a shorter reaction time. ( )
34. Ebbinghaus made major contributions to the psychology of sensation. ( )
35. Nonsense syllables were constructed to eliminate similarities in word sounds. ( )
36. The greatest amount of forgetting would appear to occur during the semester rather than at the end of a semester.
37. Taking additional tests after a perfect performance would retard forgetting. ( )
38. Massed practice is illustrated by taking many unit tests rather than two midterms. ( )
Unit 5 Contents