Unit 4


1. German idealism maintained that mind was a passive agent. (7)

2. Apperceptive mass was a concept proposed by Kant. (7)

3. Time and space were considered by Kant to be apriori intuitions. (5)

4. Ideas vary in forcefulness and they compete with each other for consciousness according to Herbart. (6)

5. German pietism was a movement which stressed and emphasized the importance of the intellectual side of man. (11)

6. The Protestant ethic refers to the belief that some persons are already chosen for heaven and therefore it is not necessary to work hard. (11)

7. The two major religious movements in the early development of the United States were Baptist and Jewish. (12)

8. One of the basic tenets of the Anglican church was that the Pope was supreme in his interpretation of the Bible. (13)

9. One basic assumption of the English reformation was the belief that no man should be superior to any other man. (13)

10. The Puritan movement might be characterized as emphasizing the emotional rather than the rational side of man. (13)

11. The reason why classical education was emphasized in Puritan schools was because it was presumed to have popular appeal and to prepare persons for the practical problems faced by the new world. (1)

12. The great wave of education for all persons in the United States was a direct outgrowth of the recognition that the church considered the clergy a special class to be educated and that the only way to raise up the masses was to provide public education for everyone, since the churches would not do it. (13)

13. The Great Awakening was a movement which was led primarily by Jonathan Edwards in 1734. (1)

14. Presbyterianism was founded by John Wesley and was strongest in France. (16)

15. One major difference between Presbyterianism and other denominations is that they believe in free will and the fact that nothing is determined.(--)

16. The Scottish faculty psychology was primarily related to Congregationalism and Puritan theology. (21)

17. Faculty psychology maintained that each individual develops through certain beliefs about the world but that these beliefs then change with subsequent experience. (22)

18. The Scottish psychologists disagreed most thoroughly with the German introspective and subjective psychologists. (23)

19. The leading Scottish psychologists were Fechner, Herbart, and Kant (22)

20. Arminianism was a reliious movement arising in Scotland with the explicit attempt to find a more rational approach to the human condition.(26)

21. What has become referred to as relevant education is a point of view about education which comes originally from humanistic philosophy. (27)


UNIT 4 Table of Contents