After you have taken the true false test, score yourself from the key at the bottom. When you finish, go back and examine each of the false statements. Then change each false statement one or two ways to make it a correct statement. You might change either the subject or the predicate or both. When you finish, you should have considered all the major points in the unit.

Unit 1 Definitions and Issues

1. Cupid or Eros are similar to the Freudian concept of the Superego. (5)
2. The Greeks held that there was a shadowy likeness for each person. (5)
3. The non-material side of humans was considered to be either intelligence (organizing) or soul (life propelling). (5)
4. The mental side of man has been described by Aristotle as representing two opposing points of view -- passive and active mind. (Unit 4)
5. The passive conception of man's mental life stresses inherited characteristics. (Unit 2, p.21)
6. The active conception of mind is represented by environmental psychology. (Unit 2, p.22)
7. The search for the material basis for mental phenomena was discarded by contemporary psychologists.
8. Religious beliefs in the forces of good and evil have parallels in the humanistic and psychoanalytic theories of contemporary psychology.
9. Man proceeded to study himself first and then to move outwards to study the earth and the stars
10. The term "psychology" did not come into being until about 1879. (6)
11. Freud's concept of psychology starts with an examination of normal behavior. (7)
12. Skinner defines psychology as a study of consciousness. (8)
13. The three major processes in psychology are: thinking, feeling, and remembering.
14. Science works towards generating generalizations.
15. The data of psychology are sensations, perceptions, behaviors, and experiences. (19)
16. Perceptions are interpretations of sensation. (19)
17. Theories never remain static because they are continually revised. (13)
18. Philosophy is the mother of all the sciences. (13)
19. Philosophy and science are different in that science uses a different method.
20. Axiology is the study of beauty. (14)
21. Metaphysics refers to both axiology and logic. (15)
22. To discuss what is the nature of reality is an ontological problem. (15)
23. Those who believe that certain ideas and beliefs are innate rather than learned are taking an ontological position. (15)
24. The assumption of empiricism attempts to answer the question about how psychic occurrences are brought about.
25. Peripheralists and centralists have different emphases about the importance of the mind. (27) (or products)
26. Data which are primarily structures rather than processes usually involve contents rather than functions of the mind. (19)
27. Subjective data can usually be verified by more than one observer. (25)
28. Introspective methods involve making reports on one's own mind or thought processes.
29. Inductive methods begin with certain generalizations and then proceed to makeapplication to specific and individual events.(25)
30. Deductive methods are sometimes used in science but primarily after inductive methodshave produced some generalizations. (26)
31. A determinist usually explains phenomena by reference to some causes outside of the individual. (26)
32. Environmentalists are usually peripheralists because they emphasize the sensory and motor processes. (27)
33. Science is primarily "nomothetic" because it is inductive -- i.e., attempting to classify, name, categorize, and make generalizations. (28)
34. Idiographic psychology emphasizes the importance of the individual as a unique person. (29)



Psych 601 Home Page

Unit 1 Table of Contents

Top of page