History of Psychology
Flow Chart

This flow chart helps to summarize the major part of the course. It was developed by Dr. S. Carolyn Fisher at UCLA. All of it may not be visible. But it is an idea for you to develop one on your own.

You can use the chart either as a chronological development of psychology or as a way of comparing across areas, what psychologists were speaking at the same time.

The left side of the chart should have "Descartes" written in. He indicated that both the mind and the body are of equal importance. Notice how there are two major flows or areas emerging out of Descartes' ideas. Each of these flows contains the characteristics and the persons who are written inside of the solid lines. One is represented at the top of the chart, and it represents the "mentalists," or the "centralists," who believe that the mind is innate, active, and imposes structure on the outside reality. Notice that it contains mostly Germans. Note also that the Scottish school is included in this band, but by a dotted line.

The other major flow is that of the "peripheralists," represented by the middle part of the chart, between the two solid lines there. It starts with Locke and subsequently by the other British empiricists (Berkeley, Hume, Mills, etc.). At the right hand side, it ends up with the American behaviorists also believe that mind, personality, psychological characteristics come from the outside and through experience. Notice also that the German psychologists (not philosophers), like Fechner and Wundt and others, all follow the English empiricists in their orientation. It is their attempt to discover how it is that stimuli (or sensations) from the outside get coded and organized inside.

The flow chart may be difficult to understand. But perhaps if you try and make your own and summarize the course in some two dimensional, visual way, it will help to bring the various components of the course into some kind of meaningful pattern.

Flow Chart