ANDROGENS -- the male sex hormones.

APPETITIVE BEHAVIOR -- behavior which seeks stimulus change (to satisfy a need).

DEPRIVATION -- the lack or loss of something which is needed.

DRIVE -- a tendency to perform incentive-seeking behavior (to satisfy a need).

DRIVE REDUCTION -- the satisfaction of a drive; the obtaining of an incentive.

EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE -- covert, glandular and neurological reactions associated with feelings of emotions, e.g., happiness, sadness, terror, etc.

EMPIRICAL -- founded on experiments or observation; as distinguished from that which is asserted by argument, reason, or opinion.

ESTROGENS -- the female sex hormones.

FEEDING CENTER -- a neural center in the hypothalamus which initiates the feeding response.

GENERAL DRIVE -- a drive that is unlearned but not aroused by specific physiological need (like avoidance of repetition).

GONADS -- the sex glands, i.e., ovaries or testes.

HOMEOSTASIS -- the tendency of the body to maintain a balance among internal physiologic conditions.

HYPOTHALAMUS -- a region in the lower brain which controls many emotional and motivational processes.

INCENTIVE -- a term approximately synonymous with goal, that which provides the stimuli which lead to goal activity.

MAINTAINING BEHAVIOR -- behavior which seeks to avoid stimulus change; behavior which seeks to maintain a constant stimulus.
MOTIVATION -- an internal state which involves a tendency (drive) to perform certain behaviors to obtain an object or situation (incentive).

PHYSIOLOGICAL DRIVE -- those that arise from some lack or deficiency in the body (need for food, water, etc.).

PRIMARY DRIVES -- an unlearned biological motivation (comes first, innate, and usually physiological).

PUBERTY -- the age after which an organism is capable of reproduction.

SATIETY CENTER -- a neural center in the hypothalamus which inhibits the eating response.

SECONDARY DRIVES -- a drive which is learned, usually through association with a primary drive or goal.

SEPTAL AREA -- a region of the brain having to do with emotion.

UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVATION -- motivation that the person is not aware of; that which he cannot report and does not perceive.


Unit 9 Table of Contents

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