UNIT 9

Answer Key

MODULE 1
Progress Check 1 1. heredity or inheritance; learning or environment
2. The physiological responses to emotion are to some extent inherited. excitement maturational
3. excitement
4. maturational
5. learned; culturally determined
6. conditioned
7. fear
8. anger
9. pleasure
10. familiar, unfamiliar

Progress Check 2
1. learning and heredity
2. inherited
3. excitement
4. maturational
5. c
6. conditioned
7. fear
8. 1) c
2) a

MODULE 2
Progress Check 1

1. a. candy, or eating
b. drive
c. positive

2. primary
3. maintaining; negative incentive seeking
4.antecedent, consequences
5. homeostatic
6. a drive which is primary though not based on physiological processes; curiosity, exploration
7. general
8. secondary
9. incentive
1 0. cyclic
1 1. seeks
12. arousal, maintenance, regulation; also antecedents. instrumental acts, consequences
1 3. drive
14. c
15. c

Progress Check 2
1. incentive, or reinforcer
2. external
3. homeostatic
4. manipulation, curiosity, activity (any two)
5. negative
6. cyclic
7. drive
8. hypothetical construct
9. the empirical approach
10. the higher-probability behavior will reinforce the lower-probability behavior

MODULE 3
Progress Check 1

1. a. E
b. B
c. E
d. B
2. sympathetic
3. a. increases
b.increases
c.decreases
4. c
5. hypothalamus
6. sham rage
7. septal area
8. d

Progress Check 2
1. a. B
b. B
c. E
d. B
2. behavior
3. a
4. a. increases
b. increases
c. increases
5. hypothalamus
6. c
7. the showing of all typical rage responses, but in a superficial, stereotyped way; or, the behavior of rage, without the experience
8. inhibitory
9. septal area

MODULE 4
Progress Check 1
1. b
2. the organs of the body
3. hypothalamus
4. feeding
5. satiety
6. low in nutrients
7. Subjects select specific foods.
8. feelings of weakness, irritability, obsession with food, impaired intellectual ability, lowered sexual drive (any three) a,b,c,d
Progress Check 2

1. when the organs of the body assimilate water
2. hypothalamus
3. He begins to eat.
4. He would be
larger than normal (overweight).
5. the nutrient level of the blood
6. foods high in vitamin C content
7. specific hunger
8. semi-starvation

MODULE 5
Progress Check 1

1. the species
2. a. androgens b.
estrogens
3. testes
4. ovaries
5. b,c
6. b
7. increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, engorgement of genitals with blood, increased respiration, flushed skin (any two)
8. a. secondary
b. sex

Progress Check 2
1. C
2. a. female
b. male
3. sex
4. a
5. b
6. unlearned

MODULE 6
Progress Check 1
1. c
2. the cognitive theory of motivation
3. stimulus-response learning
4. suppression of feelings
5. unconscious-motivation theory
6. cognitive theory of motivation
7. behavior theory of motivation

Progress Check 2
1. secondary
2. behavior theory of motivation
3. the unconscious-motivation theory
4. the cognitive theory of motivation
5. the cognitive theory of motivation
6. the theory of unconscious motivation
7. the behavior theory of motivation

Unit 9 Table of Contents

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