Psych 200

UNIT ONE

Test A

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1. An experimenter wants to study the effects of a new tranquilizer on learning ability. He gives various doses of tranquilizers to groups of subjects. Which of these would be considered the control group?
A group given a high dose of the tranquilizer and then tested on a task which involves solving a puzzle.
A group given a sugar pill that looks like the tranquilizer and is then tested on solving the puzzle task.
A group given a very low dose and then permitted to learn the puzzle task.


2. Which of the following is true about covert behaviors?
They can never be objectively verified.
They are the major data source for psychology.
They only exist in animals and preverbal children.
They may sometimes be detected by sensitive instruments.


3. The term "contingency management" refers to:
the relationship between biofeedback and overt behavior.
the procedures one uses in regulating the relationship between a behavior and its consequences
the relationship-between the environment and intellectual development.
none of the above.


4. A researcher tests the effects of perceived status on obedience. What is the dependent
variable in such an experiment?

Obedience
Perceived status
Objectivity of the researcher
Length of the experiment


5. By convention, the vertical axis of a graph represents the:
dependent variable
independent variable
control variable
control group


6. The definition of psychology accepted by most psychologists is:
the science of man and his relation to his environment.
the science of the function of the nervous system.
the science of human and animal behavior.
the science of the mental processes of man and animals.


7. Some people claim that certain minority groups are inferior intellectually because of their heredity. If we are to accept this statement as a scientific hypothesis, we must:
find a number of people who will agree to it.
support the position with a strong argument.
specify what kinds of evidence would be used to determine whether or not "intelligence" was "inherited."
rely on the opinion of experts.


8. If an experiment is well controlled, then we can be reasonably sure that the changes in the dependent variable resulted from:
variables held constant by the experimenter.
the effect of the control group.
the dependent variable.
the independent variable.


9. When people have learned to control their alpha waves, they frequently report that in
order to "shut them off" they:

must make their minds blank.
concentrate on some visual image.
relax and sort of drift along.
none of the above.


10. In naturalistic observation, a researcher:
manipulates the independent variable.
holds all variables other than the dependent variable constant.
changes things in order to impose control in the situation.
observes and records.




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