1993 Ph.D, University of Californian at Los Angeles; History of the Near East 1500-Present, special concentration: Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Iran.
1989 C.Phil, University of California at Los Angeles
1986 M.A., San Francisco State University; History of Modern Europe
1982 B.A., Saint Mary's College of California, History-Government
History of the Near East 500-1500
History of Modern Europe
History of Modern Russia
2007-Present: Associate Professor, History Department, San Francisco State University.
2002-2007: Assistant Professor, History Department, SFSU.
2001-2002: Assistant Professor, History Department, Bridgewater State College.
1995-2001: Lecturer, History Department, San Francisco State University.
1998-2001: Research Fellow, International and Area Studies, University of California, Berkeley.
Spring 1999: Visiting Lecturer, Department of History, Stanford University.
Fall 1998: Visiting Lecturer, Department of Political Science, St Mary's College of California, Moraga, CA.
1995-1998: Visiting Lecturer, History Department, University of California, Berkeley.
1992-1993: Teaching Fellow, Department of History, UCLA.
1990-1992: Teaching Assistant, Department of History, UCLA.
1988-1993: Research Assistant, G.E. von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies, UCLA.
1987: Research Assistant, Professor Nikki R. Keddie.
Other Professional Position:
1988-2009: Contributor, the Echo of Iran, Echo Publications, London and Tehran.
1989-1991: Circulation Editor, JUSUR, the UCLA Journal of Middle Eastern Studies.
1989-1991: Graduate Student Representative, Faculty Advisory Committee, G.E von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies.
Graduate Seminar: Modernity and the Islamic World
Pro-Seminar: Topics in the History of the Middle East and Islamic Movements
History of the Islamic World I 500-1700
History of the Islamic World II 1700-Present
History of Iran and Afghanistan 1500-present
Imperialism and Nationalism in the Near East
Historiography of the Middle East
History of the Soviet Union
Anthropology of the Middle East
Survey of Near Eastern History 500-1800
Survey of Near Eastern History 500-present
Western Civilization I (to 1500s)
Western Civilization II (from 1500s)
World History I (to 1500)
World History II (from 1500)
Persia at War: Iran’s Struggle with Imperial Russia, London, I.B. Tauris, 2015 (Forthcoming)
Ta’amolati piramun-e tarikh-e shureshiyan-e armankhah dar Iran. [Perspectives on the History of Rebels with a Cause in Iran], Tehran: Akhtaran publishers, 2006
Rebels with a Cause: The Failure of the Left in Iran. London, New York: I.B. Tauris, 1999.
Turkish translation of above title: Nasil Yapilamadi: Iran'da Solun Tenilgisi, Ercument Ozkaya, Trans. Ankara: EPOS, 2006.
Persian translation of above title: Shureshiyan armankhah: nakami-ye chap dar Iran, Mahdi Partovi, trans., Tehran: Qoqnus Publications, 2001.
Recent Papers and Book Chapters:
“Revisiting the Second Russo-Iranian War (1826-1828): Causes and Perceptions,” in Iranian Studies, Elena Andreeva and Maziar Behrooz, ed., May 2013
“From Confidence to Apprehension: Early Iranian Interaction with Russia,” in Iran and Russia, Stephanie Cronin, ed., (Routledge, 2012).
"Iran after Revolution," in The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History,Touraj Daryaie, ed., (Oxford University Press, 2012).
"Maryam Firuz," Encyclopedia Iranica, (New York, Syracuse University Press, 2012).
“Iran after Revolution,” in The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History, Touraj Daryaee, ed., (Oxford University Press, 2012).
"Reflections on Iran’s Prison System during the Montazeri Years (1985-1988)," Iran Analysis Quarterly, Vol.2, No.3, winter (January-March) 2005
"The 1953 Coup in Iran and the Legacy of the Tudeh," in, Mark Gasiorowski and Malcolm Byrne, eds., Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran, (New York: Syracuse University Press, 2004)
"Iranian Revolution and the Legacy of the Guerrilla Movement," in Stephanie Cronin, ed. Reformers and Revolutionaries in Modern Iran: New Perspectives on The Iranian Left (London: Routledge Curzon, 2004)
“Golesorkhi,” Encyclopedia Iranica, Vol. XI, (New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press, 2002), 118-119
"Tudeh Factionalism and the 1953 Coup in Iran," in International Journal of Middle East Studies, 33 (2001), 363-382.
"Soluk-e gom shodeh: sarnevesht-e sosiyal demokrasi dar Iran," [The Lost Path: The Fate of Social Democrasy in Iran], in Arash (Paris), No.s 75-76, February 2001, 100-102
"The Iranian Revolution and the Failure of the Left," in Rudi Matthee and Beth Baron, eds., Religion and Society in the Middle East: Essays in Honor of Nikki R. Keddie, (Costa Mesa: Mazda Press, 2000)
"President Khatami's Third Year: The Long Hot Tehran Summer of 1999," in The Echo of Iran, no.130, July 1999
"Islamic State and the Crisis of Marja'iyat in Iran," in Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, vol.XVI, no.2, fall 1996
"The Left's Impact on the Islamic Republic," in the Echo of Iran, no.86, May 1995
"Iran's Response to the Rise of Nationalism in the Caucasus 1988-1993," in The Echo of Iran, no.s 72-73, February-March 1994
"Factionalism in Iran under Khomeini," in Middle Eastern Studies, vol.27, no.4, October, 1991, reprinted in, the Echo of Iran, no.s 55&56, August-September 1992
"The IRI in the Aftermath of Fourth Majles Election," in The Echo of Iran, no.12, December 1992
"Azarbaijan: A Historical Background," in The Echo of Iran, An Independent and Objective Review of Iranian Affairs, no.26, February 1990
"Iran's Fadayan 1971-1988, A Case Study in Iranian Marxism," in JUSUR, UCLA Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol.6, Fall 1990. Reprinted in: The Echo of Iran,no.s 10,11,12 (October, November, December 1991)
"Seyr-e demokrasi dar shoravi va eslahat-e Gorbachev", [The Process of Democracy in the Soviet Union and Gorbachev's Reforms], in Kankash, A Persian Journal of History and Politics, Winter 1990.
"Trends in the Foreign Policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran 1979-1988," in Nikki R. Keddie & Mark Gasiorowski, ed.s, Neither East Nor West, (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1990)
"Haqaieq-e tarikhi piramun-e enhelal-e majles-e mo'asesan che hastand?" [What are the Historical Truths about the Abolition of the Constitutional Assembly?], in Ketab-e Jom'eh-a, no.s 14&15, summer 1989
"The Iran-Iraq War: Causes and Prospects", in Free Association, A Student-Run Independent Newspaper, December 1987
Book Reviews and Translations:
Review of Steven R. Ward, Immortals: A Military History of Iranand its Armed Forces. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2009, in The Journal of Military History, Vol. 74 #2, April 2010.
Review of Afshin Marashi, Nationalizing Iran: Culture, Power and the State 1870-1940, Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2008, in Middle East Journal, Vol. 63, No. 1, Winter 2009.
Review of H.E. Chehabi, Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the Last 500 Years, London: I.B. Tauris, 2006, in IJMES, Vol. 41. No. 2, May 2009.
Review of Anoushiravan Ehteshami and Mahjoob Zaeiri, Iran and the Rise of its Neoconservatives: the Politics of Tehran’s Silent Revolution, London, New York: I.B. Tauris, 2007, in Iranian Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2, September 2009.
Review of Ali M. Ansari, Modern Iran since 1921: The Pahlavis and After.
New York: Longman, 2003 in American Historical Review, October 2004.
Review\of Mehdi Moslem, Factional Politics in Post-Khomeini Iran, Syracuse, 2002, in Iranian Studies, Vol. 39, No.3, September 2006.
Review of Dariush Zahedi, the Iranian Revolution Then and Now: Indications of Regime Instability in International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 33, No. 4, November 2001.
Review of Ervand Abrahamian, Maqalati Dar Jame'eh Shenasi-ye Iran [Articles on Iran's Sociology], Soheila Torrabi-farsani, trans. (Tehran: Pazhuhesh and Shirazeh Publishes, 1997), in Iranian Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2, spring 1999.
Review of Asef Bayat, Street Politics: Poor People's Movement in Iran, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997), in Iranian Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2, Spring 1999.
Review of John L. Esposito, ed. The Iranian Revolution: Its Global Impact, (Miami: Florida University Press, 1990), in Iranian Studies, Vol. XXIV, No.1-4, 1991.
Persian translation of Nikki R. Keddie, "Material Culture and Geography: Toward a Holistic Comparative History of the Middle East," in Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 26, No. 4, October 1984, published in Goft va Gu (Tehran), No.8, Summer 1995.
Languages: English, Persian, French (reading knowledge).
The Association for the study of Persianate Societies