Mashhad is the holiest of Iranian cities and was the capital of Afshar dynasty.  Its importance is in the shrine of the eight Shi'a Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Reza (766-818)

Below: Images of the Goharshad Mosque in Mashhad (inside the Imam's shrine complex), a sample of Persian-Timurid architecture built in 1418 C.E.

Blow: Tomb of Abu al-Qasem Mansur ibn Hasan Ferdowsi Tusi (941-1021) the father of modern Persian literature and author of the Shahnameh (Book of Kings) is in Tus near Mashhad (photos by MB summer 2006)


Another view of Nader Shah's tomb in Mashhad
Below: Tomb of Omar Khayyam (whose real full name was: Ghiyath al-Din Abu al-Fath Umar ibn Ibrahim al-Nishapuri al-Khayyami 1048-1122), Persian speaking philosopher, mathematician, and poet best known in the West for his Ruba'iyyat.  The location is Nishapur near Mashhad (photos by MB summer 2006)

An imaginary portrait of Khayyam