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Introductory Readings

Morsella, E., Godwin, C. A., Jantz, T. J., Krieger, S. C., & Gazzaley, A. (2016). Homing in on consciousness in the nervous system: An action-based synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences [Target Article], 39, 1-17. The follow-up to the article in Psychological Review (below), this is the theoretical foundation of research in our lab. It focuses on the primary function of conscious processing in the nervous system. The evidence for different aspects of the theory can be found in five sections following Books and Special Volumes. These sections are organized by theme. Link

Morsella, E., Godwin, C. A., Jantz, T. J., Krieger, S. C., & Gazzaley, A. (2016). Passive frame theory: A new synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39, 44-70. Authors' Reply to the 30 commentaries that were written in response to the target article above.] Link

Morsella, E. (2005). The function of phenomenal states: Supramodular interaction theory. Psychological Review, 112, 1000-1021. [Addresses the differences between conscious and unconscious integrations in the nervous system] Link

Bhangal, S., Cho, H., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2016). The prospective nature of voluntary action: Insights from the reflexive imagery task. Review of General Psychology, 20, 101-117. This review focuses on the prospective aspects of voluntary action and covers the findings from the first handful of experiments using the reflexive imagery task, which is the primary paradigm used by the lab.

Morsella, E. (2009).  The mechanisms of human action: Introduction and background.  In E. Morsella, J. A. Bargh, & P. M. Gollwitzer, Oxford handbook of human action (pp. 1-32). New York: Oxford University Press. [A comprehensive primer of all human action research] Link

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2010). What is an output? Psychological Inquiry, 21, 354-370. [Influenced by Gibson's classic article which posed the question, "What is the stimulus?", this piece argues that action is the only undisputable 'output' in the nervous system; with this in mind, it reveals the intimate link between action and conscious processing] Link

Bargh, J. A., & Morsella, E. (2008). The unconscious mind.  Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 73-79. Link

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2011). Unconscious action tendencies: Sources of 'un-integrated' action. In J. T. Cacioppo & J. Decety (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of social neuroscience (pp. 335 - 347). New York: Oxford University Press. [A comprehensive review of research on unconscious action] Link

Morsella, E., Berger, C. C., & Krieger, S. C. (2011). Cognitive and neural components of the phenomenology of agency. Neurocase, 17, 209-230. [Includes a quantitative review of evidence regarding agency and the function of consciousness in action production] Link

 

Hot Off the Press

Morsella, E., & Walker, E. B. (2016). What makes us conscious is not what makes us human. Animal Sentience, 120, Link. Click here for a blog about this article.

Allen, A. K., Krisst, L., Montemayor, C., & Morsella, E. (2016). Entry of involuntary conscious contents from ambiguous images. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 3, 326-337. (An APA journal.)

Morsella, E., & Reyes, Z. (2016). The difference between conscious and unconscious brain circuits. Animal Sentience. Link


Books and Special Volumes

Morsella, E., Bargh, J. A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Oxford handbook of human action. New York: Oxford University Press. Link

Consciousness and action control, a special issue (18 articles) of Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition (2013). Link

Morsella, E. (2010). Expressing oneself / expressing one's self: Communication, cognition, language, and identity. (A Festschrift in the honor of Robert M. Krauss.)  London, UK: Psychology Press. Link


Consciousness and Nervous Function
(Click here for CV listing all publications in chronological order. See next section for consciousness research based on the Reflexive Imagery Task, the new paradigm developed by the lab.)

(Number 86, total) Morsella, E., Godwin, C. A., Jantz, T. J., Krieger, S. C., & Gazzaley, A. (2016). Homing in on consciousness in the nervous system: An action-based synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences [Target Article], 39, 1-17. The follow-up to the article in Psychological Review (below), this is the theoretical foundation of research in our lab. It focuses on the primary function of conscious processing in the nervous system. Link

Morsella, E., Godwin, C. A., Jantz, T. J., Krieger, S. C., & Gazzaley, A. (2016). Passive frame theory: A new synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39, 44-70. Authors' Reply to the 30 commentaries that were written in response to the target article above.] Link

Morsella, E. (2005). The function of phenomenal states: Supramodular interaction theory. Psychological Review, 112, 1000-1021.

Seth, A. K., Verschure, P. F. M. J., Blanke, O., Butz, M. V., Ford, J. M., Frith, C. D., Jacob, P., Kyselo, M., McGann, M., Menary, R., Morsella, E., & O'Regan, J. K. (2016). Action-oriented understanding of consciousness and the structure of experience. In Engel, A. K., Friston, K. J., & Kragic, D. (Eds.), The pragmatic turn: Toward action-oriented views on cognitive science (pp. 261-281). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Morsella, E., Wilson, L. E., Berger, C. C., Honhongva, M., Gazzaley, A., & Bargh, J. A. (2009). Subjective aspects of cognitive control at different stages of processing (7-experiment article). Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 1807-1824.

Morsella, E., Gray, J. R., Krieger, S. C., & Bargh, J. A. (2009). The essence of conscious conflict: Subjective effects of sustaining incompatible intentions. Emotion, 9, 717-728.

Gray, J. R., Bargh, J. A., & Morsella, E. (2013). Neural correlates of the essence of conscious conflict: fMRI of sustaining incompatible intentions. Experimental Brain Research, 229, 453-465.

Krisst, L., Montemayor, C., & Morsella, E. (2015). Deconstructing voluntary action: Unconscious and conscious component processes. In B. Eitam & P. Haggard (Eds.), The sense of agency (pp. 25-62). New York: Oxford University Press.

Cho, H., & Morsella, E. (2016). Brain and consciousness. In H. L. Miller Jr. (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of theory in psychology (p. 59). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers.

Morsella, E., & Walker, E. B. (2016). What makes us conscious is not what makes us human. Animal Sentience, 120, Link. Click here for a blog about this article.

Cushing, D., Velasquez, A. G., & Morsella, E. (2016). Competition between cognitive control and encapsulated, unconscious inferences: Are Aha-experiences special? Frontiers in Psychology, 7:626. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00626. Link

Cushing, D., Ghafur, R. D., & Morsella, E. (2017). The interdependence between conscious and unconscious processes. In Z. Radman (Ed.), Before consciousness: In search of the fundamentals of mind (pp. 50-82). UK: Imprint Academic.

Morsella, E., & Reyes, Z. (2016). The difference between conscious and unconscious brain circuits. Animal Sentience. Link

Robinson, M. M., & Morsella, E. (2014). The subjective effort of everyday mental tasks: Attending, assessing, and choosing. Motivation and Emotion, 38, 832-843.

Merrick, C., Godwin, C. A., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2014). The olfactory system as the gateway to the neural correlates of consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1011. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.01011 Link

Corr, P. J., & Morsella, E. (2015). The conscious control of behavior: Revisiting Gray's comparator model. In P. J. Corr, M. Fajkowska, M. W. Eysenck, & A. Wytykowska (Eds.), Personality and control, volume 4 (pp. 15-42). New York: Eliot Werner Publications.

Zarolia, P., Tomory, J. J., Rosen, H. J., & Morsella, E. (2015). The subjective aspects of self-control: Theory and experimental paradigms. In P. J. Corr, M. Fajkowska, M. W. Eysenck, & A. Wytykowska (Eds.), Personality and control, volume 4 (pp. 43-66). New York: Eliot Werner Publications.

Riddle, T. A., Rosen, H. J., & Morsella, E. (2015). Is that me? Sense of agency as a function of intra-psychic conflict. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 36, 27-46.

Morsella, E., Lynn, M. T., Riddle, T. A. (2013). Voluntary action and the illusion of conscious will. In H. Pashler (Ed.), The encyclopedia of the mind (pp. 772-774). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers.

Morsella, E., & Poehlman, T. A. (2013). The inevitable contrast: Conscious versus unconscious processes in action control. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 590. doi: 10.3889/fpsyg.2013.00590. Link

Godwin, C. A., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2013). Homing in on the brain mechanisms linked to consciousness: Buffer of the perception-and-action interface. In A. Pereira and D. Lehmann's (Eds.), The unity of mind, brain and world: Current perspectives on a science of consciousness (pp. 43-76). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Morsella, E., Molapuor, T., & Lynn, M. (2013). The three pillars of volition: Phenomenal states, ideomotor processing, and the skeletal muscle system. In H. S. Terrace & J. Metcalfe (Eds.), Agency and joint attention (pp. 284-303). New York: Oxford University Press.

Morsella, E., Dennehy, T. C., & Bargh, J. A. (2013). Voluntary action and the three forms of binding in the brain. In A. Clark, J. Kiverstein, & T. Vierkant (Eds.), Decomposing the will (pp. 183-198). New York: Oxford University Press.

Poehlman, T. A., Jantz, T. K., & Morsella, E. (2012). Adaptive skeletal muscle action requires anticipation and 'conscious broadcasting.' Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 369. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00369 Link

Robinson, M. M., Poehlman, T. A., & Morsella, E. (2012). The subjective aspects of agency, cognitive control, and self-regulation: Findings from the action and consciousness laboratory. In A. E. Cavanna & A. Nani (Eds.), Consciousness: States, mechanisms, & disorders (pp. 207-230). (Volume contains a contribution from Dr. Alfredo Pereira Jr.)

Lynn, M. T., Riddle, T. A., & Morsella, E. (2012). The phenomenology of quitting: Effects from repetition and cognitive effort. Korean Journal of Cognitive Science, 23, 25-46.

Morsella, E., Zarolia, P., & Gazzaley, A. (2012). Cognitive conflict and consciousness (pp. 19-46). In B. Gawronski & F. Strack (Eds.), Cognitive consistency: A unifying concept in social psychology. New York: Guilford Press. [This focuses on the different kinds of conflict in the brain]

Molapour, T., Berger, C. C., & Morsella, E. (2011). Did I read or did I name? Diminished awareness of processes yielding identical 'outputs.' Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 1776-1780. In the field of the scientific study of consciousness, Consciousness and Cognition is the premier journal.

Morsella, E., Krieger, S. C., & Berger, C. C. (2011). Cognitive and neural components of the phenomenology of agency. Neurocase, 17, 209-230. [Includes a quantitative review of evidence regarding agency and the function of consciousness in action production] Link

Morsella, E., & Jantz, T. (2011). Conscious states are a crosstalk mechanism for only a subset of brain processes. Journal of Cosmology, 14, 4469-4471. (Special issue edited by Sir Roger Penrose.)

Morsella, E., Feinberg, G., H., Cigarchi, S., Newton, J. W., & Williams, L. E. (2011). Sources of avoidance motivation: Valence effects from physical effort and mental rotation. Motivation and Emotion, 35, 296-305.

Lynn, M. T., Berger, C. C., Riddle, T. A., & Morsella, E. (2010). Mind control? Creating illusory intentions through a phony brain-computer interface. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 1007-1012. In the field of the scientific study of consciousness, Consciousness and Cognition is the premier journal.

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2010). What is an output? Psychological Inquiry, 21, 354-370. [Influenced by Gibson's classic article which posed the question, "What is the stimulus?", this piece argues that action is the only undisputable 'output' in the nervous system; with this in mind, it reveals the intimate link between action and conscious processing] Link

Morsella, E., Ben-Zeev, A., Lanska, M., & Bargh, J. A. (2010). The spontaneous thoughts of the night: How future tasks breed intrusive cognitions. Social Cognition, 28, 640-649.

Molapour, T., & Morsella, E. (2011). Valence from conflict? Preliminary evidence from Stroop interference. Journal of Communications Research, 3, 255-270.

Morsella, E., & Hubbard, J. (2010). Controlled-reflective processes arise from integrative action-goal selection in the ventral pathway. European Journal of Personality, 24, 412-416.

Morsella, E., Krieger, S. C., & Bargh, J. A. (2010). Minimal neuroanatomy for a conscious brain: Homing in on the networks constituting consciousness. Neural Networks, 23, 14-15.

Morsella, E., Krieger, S. C., & Bargh, J. A. (2009). The function of consciousness: Why skeletal muscles are 'voluntary' muscles. In. E. Morsella, J. A. Bargh, & P. M. Gollwitzer, Oxford handbook of human action (pp. 625-634). New York: Oxford University Press.

Morsella, E. (2003). The function of phenomenal states: Is there progress for the 'softer problem' of consciousness? Psychological Reports, 93, 435-440.

Krauss, R. M., & Morsella, E. (2000/2006 [second edition]). Communication and conflict. In M. Deutsch & P. T. Coleman (Eds.), The handbook of conflict Resolution: Theory and practice (pp. 131-143 [pp. 144-157 for 2nd edition]). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

 

Reflexive Imagery Task (RIT)

(Number 9) Bhangal, S., Cho, H., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2016). The prospective nature of voluntary action: Insights from the reflexive imagery task. Review of General Psychology, 20, 101-117. (An APA journal.) This review focuses on the prospective aspects of voluntary action and covers the findings from the first handful of RIT experiments.

Allen, A. K., Wilkins, K., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2013). Conscious thoughts from reflex-like processes: A new experimental paradigm for consciousness research. Consciousness and Cognition, 22, 1318-1331. [After using the Stroop and flanker tasks to examine the role of consciousness in action control, we now use also this paradigm, which was developed in the lab.] Link *Importantly, this article received the honor of being an "Editor's Choice" article for Elsevier Publishers (click here and here). In the field of the scientific study of consciousness, Consciousness and Cognition is the premier journal.

Allen, A. K., Krisst, L., Montemayor, C., & Morsella, E. (2016). Entry of involuntary conscious contents from ambiguous images. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 3, 326-337. (An APA journal.)

Bhangal, S., Merrick, C., & Morsella, E. (2015). Ironic effects as reflexive responses: Evidence from word frequency effects on involuntary subvocalizations. Acta Psychologica, 159, 33-40.

Bhangal, S., Allen, A. K, Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2016). Conscious contents as reflexive processes: Evidence from the habituation of high-level cognitions. Consciousness and Cognition, 41, 177-188. In the field of the scientific study of consciousness, Consciousness and Cognition is the premier journal.

Cho, H., Godwin, C. A., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2014). Internally generated conscious contents: Interactions between sustained mental imagery and involuntary subvocalizations. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 1445. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01445 Link

Merrick, C., Farnia, M., Jantz, T. K., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2015). External control of the stream of consciousness: Stimulus-based effects on involuntary thought sequences. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 217-225. Link

Cho, H., Zarolia, P., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2016). Involuntary symbol manipulation (Pig Latin) from external control: Implications for thought suppression. Acta Psychologica, 166, 37-41.

Cushing, D., Ghafur, R. D., & Morsella, E. (2017). The interdependence between conscious and unconscious processes. In Z. Radman (Ed.), Before consciousness: In search of the fundamentals of mind (pp. 50-82). UK: Imprint Academic.

 

Action-Related Working Memory, Indirect Cognitive Control

Garcia, A. C., Bhangal, S., Velasquez, A. G., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2016). Metacognition of working memory performance: Trial-by-trial subjective effects from a new paradigm. Frontiers in Psychology.

Jantz, T. K., Tomory, J. J., Merrick, C., Cooper, S., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2014). Subjective aspects of working memory performance: Memoranda-related imagery. Consciousness and Cognition, 25, 88-100. In the field of the scientific study of consciousness, Consciousness and Cognition is the premier journal.

Jantz, T. K., Tomory, J. J., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2013). Subjective aspects of action control for delayed actions: Action-related imagery. Journal of Mental Imagery, 37, 21-48.

Hubbard, J., Rigby, T., Godwin, C. A., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2013). Representations in working memory yield interference effects found with externally-triggered representations. Acta Psychologica, 142, 127-135.

Paik, J. H., Luong, H. N., & Morsella, E. (2012). Giving children a prefrontal cortex? Increased mental control through external cues. In A. Durante & C. Mammoliti (Eds.), Psychology of self-control (pp. 175-186). New York: Nova.

Morsella, E., Larson, L. R. L., Bargh, J. A. (2010). Indirect cognitive control, working-memory-related movements, and sources of automatisms. In E. Morsella (Ed.), Expressing oneself / expressing one's self: Communication, cognition, language, and identity (pp. 61-90). London: Psychology Press.

Morsella, E. (2010). Prologue: A Festschrift in the honor of Robert M. Krauss. In E. Morsella (Ed.), Expressing oneself / expressing one's self: Communication, cognition, language, and identity (pp. xiii - xxviii). London: Psychology Press.

Morsella, E., Lanska, M., Berger, C. C., & Gazzaley, A. (2009). Indirect cognitive control through top-down activation of perceptual symbols. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1173-1177.

Morsella, E., & Krauss, R. M. (2004). The role of gestures in spatial working memory and speech. American Journal of Psychology, 117, 411-424.



Action-Related Unconscious Mechanisms and Inferences

Bargh, J. A., & Morsella, E. (2008). The unconscious mind. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 73-79.

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2011). Unconscious action tendencies: Sources of 'un-integrated' action. In J. T. Cacioppo & J. Decety (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of social neuroscience (pp. 335 - 347). New York: Oxford University Press. [A comprehensive review of research on unconscious action] Link

Morsella, E., & Miozzo, M. (2002). Evidence for a cascade model of lexical access in speech production. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 28, 555-563.

Godwin, C. A., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2016). The origins of a spontaneous thought: EEG correlates and thinkers’ source attributions. AIMS Neuroscience, 3(2), 203-231: doi: 10.393410.3934/Neuroscience.2016.2.203 Link.

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2010). Unconscious mind. In I. B. Weiner & W. E. Craighead (Eds.), The Corsini encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral science, Fourth Edition (Volume 4, pp. 1817-1819). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Berger, C. C., Dennehy, T. C., Bargh, J. A., & Morsella, E. (2016). Nisbett and Wilson (1977) revisited: The little that we can know and can tell. Social Cognition.

Chen, P-W., Jantz, T. K., & Morsella, E. (2014). The prepared reflex: Behavioral and subjective flanker interference effects. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 6, 1-11. Open access: Link.

Dennehy, T. C., Cooper, C., Molapour, T., & Morsella, E. (2014). Is there release from masking from isomorphism between perception and action? Brain Sciences, 4, 220-239.

Montemayor, C., Allen, A. K., & Morsella, E. (2013). The seeming stability of the unconscious homunculus. Sistemi Intelligenti, 25, 581-600.

Larson, L. R. L., Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2012). Mental modes: Priming of expertise-based dispositions in expertise-unrelated contexts. Psicólogica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, 33, 305-317.

Morsella, E., Larson, L. R. L., Zarolia, P., & Bargh, J. A. (2011). Stimulus control: The sought or unsought influence of the objects we tend to. Psicólogica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, 32, 145-170.

Bargh, J.A., & Morsella, E. (2010). Unconscious behavioral guidance systems. In Agnew, C. R., Carlston, D. E., Graziano, W. G., & Kelly, J. R. (Eds.), Then a miracle occurs: Focusing on behavior in social psychological theory and research (pp. 89-118). New York: Oxford University Press.

Levine, L. R., Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2007). The perversity of inanimate objects: Stimulus control by incidental musical notation. Social Cognition, 25, 267-283.

Hubbard, J., Molapour, T., & Morsella, E. (2016). The subjective consequences of experiencing random events. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 8, 120-125. Open access: Link.

Krauss, R. M., Freyberg, R., & Morsella, E. (2002). Inferring speaker's physical attributes from their voices. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 618-625.

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2010). Unconscious mind. In I. B. Weiner & W. E. Craighead (Eds.), The Corsini encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral science, Fourth Edition (Volume 4, pp. 1817-1819). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.



Action and Mental Representations

Morsella, E. (2009).  The mechanisms of human action: Introduction and background.  In E. Morsella, J. A. Bargh, & P. M. Gollwitzer, Oxford handbook of human action (pp. 1-32). New York: Oxford University Press. [A comprehensive primer of all human action research] Link

Seth, A. K., Verschure, P. F. M. J., Blanke, O., Butz, M. V., Ford, J. M., Frith, C. D., Jacob, P., Kyselo, M., McGann, M., Menary, R., Morsella, E., & O'Regan, J. K. (2016). Action-oriented understanding of consciousness and the structure of experience. In Engel, A. K., Friston, K. J., & Kragic, D. (Eds.), The pragmatic turn: Toward action-oriented views on cognitive science (pp. 261-281). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Morsella, E., Hoover, M. A., & Bargh, J. A. (2013). Functionalism redux: How adaptive action constrains perception, simulation, and evolved intuitions. In K. L. Johnson & M. Shiffrar (Eds.), People watching: Social, perceptual, and neurophysiological studies of body perception (pp. 256-282). New York: Oxford University Press.

Morsella, E., & Ben-Zeev, A. (2012). Cognition and action in the social world. In S. T. Fiske & C. N. Macrae (Eds.), Sage handbook of social cognition (pp. 278-294). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Berger, C. C., Bargh, J. A., & Morsella, E. (2012). The 'what' of doing: Introspection-based evidence for James's ideomotor principle. In A. Durante & C. Mammoliti (Eds.), Psychology of self-control (pp. 145-160). New York: Nova.

Hubbard, J., Gazzaley, A., & Morsella, E. (2011). Traditional response interference from anticipated action outcomes: A response-effect compatibility paradigm. Acta Psychologica, 138, 106-110.

Morsella, E., & Krauss, R. M. (2005). Muscular activity in the arm during lexical retrieval: Implications for gesture-speech theories. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 34, 415-427.

Morsella, E., & Krauss, R. M. (2005). Can motor states influence semantic processing? Evidence from an interference paradigm. In A. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in Psychology Research, 36, 163-182. New York: Nova.

Morsella, E. (2002). The motor components of semantic representation. (Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2002). Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: the Sciences & Engineering, 63 (4B). (University Microfilms No. AAI3048195)


Encyclopedic Entries and Other Short Pieces

Morsella, E., & Walker, E. B. (2016). What makes us conscious is not what makes us human. Animal Sentience, 120, Link. Click here for a blog about this article.

Cho, H., & Morsella, E. (2016). Brain and consciousness. In H. L. Miller Jr. (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of theory in psychology (p. 59). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers.

Morsella, E., & Reyes, Z. (2016). The difference between conscious and unconscious brain circuits. Animal Sentience. Link

Cushing, D., Velasquez, A. G., & Morsella, E. (2016). Competition between cognitive control and encapsulated, unconscious inferences: Are Aha-experiences special? Frontiers in Psychology, 7:626. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00626. Link

Morsella, E., Lynn, M. T., Riddle, T. A. (2013). Voluntary action and the illusion of conscious will. In H. Pashler (Ed.), The encyclopedia of the mind (pp. 772-774). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers.

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2010). Unconscious mind. In I. B. Weiner & W. E. Craighead (Eds.), The Corsini encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral science, Fourth Edition (Volume 4, pp. 1817-1819). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Morsella, E., Montemayor, C., Hubbard, J., & Zarolia, P. (2010). Conceptual knowledge: Grounded in sensorimotor states, or a disembodied deus ex machina? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 455-456.

Morsella, E., & Montemayor, C. (2010). ¿Somos conscientes de toda la información que integra nuestro cerebro?: La Teoría de la Interacción Supramodular. Ciencia Cognitiva, 4, 44-46. [A review in Spanish about the lab's theory]

Morsella, E., Riddle, T. A., & Bargh, J. A. (2009). Undermining the foundations: Questioning the basic notions of associationism and mental representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 218-219.

Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2007). Supracortical consciousness: Insights from temporal dynamics, processing-content, and olfaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 100.

Morsella, E., Krieger, S. C., & Rizzo-Fontanesi, S. (2007). The primary function of consciousness in the nervous system. Annual Review of Biomedical Sciences, 9, 37-40.

Representative Poster Presentations

(Number 86) Walker, E. B., Renna, J., Gardner, K., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2017). External control of high-level processing: Involuntary counting, verbal imagery, and attentional shifts. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Boston.

Bui, N. C. T., Ghafur, R. D., Yankulova, J. K., & Morsella, E. (2017). Are spontaneous thoughts out-of-the-blue? Stimulus-elicited involuntary insights and syntactic processing. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Boston.

Reyes, Z., Yankulova, J. K., Yoo, S. H., & Morsella, E. (2017). Resilience and involuntary processing of valenced stimuli: The factor of approach/avoidance orientation. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Boston.

Dou, W., Bhangal, S., Cho, H., Allen, A. K., Reyes, Z., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2017). External control of the stream of consciousness: An EEG study. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Renna, J., Dou, W., Bhangal, S., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2017). Automatic counting and involuntary polymodal imagery (involving olfaction, audition, touch, taste, and vision). Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Cushing, D., & Morsella, E. (2017). Involuntary mental rotation and visuospatial imagery from external control: Implications for frontal control mechanisms. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Velasquez, A. G., & Morsella, E. (2016). A new flanker variant involving still more contextual-sensitivity: Implications for psychopathogical research. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago.

Dou, W., Cho, H., Velasquez, A. G., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2016). Cognitive biases and involuntary cognitions in at-risk populations. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago.

Cushing, D., & Morsella, E. (2016). The polymodal role of consciousness in adaptive action selection: A paradigm for neuroimaging. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, New York.

Bhangal, S., Garcia, A. C., Velasquez, A. G., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2016). Working memory-based action control: An interference paradigm for neuroimaging. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, New York.

Bhangal, S., Allen, A. K., & Morsella, E. (2015). Habituation effects on involuntary cognitions: Evidence from the reflexive imagery task. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York.

Cho, H., Zarolia, P., Velasquez, A., & Morsella, E. (2015). Cognitive- versus emotion-based involuntary cognitions: An informative contrast for the reflexive imagery task. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, New York.

Merrick, C., Jantz, T. K., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2015). Further evidence of event-related alpha synchronization as inhibitory control during a working memory task. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Cho, H., Bhangal, S., Allen, A. K., Zarolia, P., & Morsella, E. (2015). Cognitive- versus emotion-based involuntary cognitions: Frontal control and habituation effects. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Krisst, L. C., Chen, P-W., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. (2014). Revisiting Libet's paradigm: Decision time and the influence of automaticity on time perception. Poster presented at the Northern California Consciousness Conference, UC Davis.

Bhangal, S., Merrick, C., Farnia, M., Jantz, T. K., & Morsella, E. (2014). External control of the stream of consciousness: Stimulus-based effects of involuntary thought sequences. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco.

Merrick, C., Jantz, T. K., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2014). EEG correlates of spontaneous imagery during working memory rehearsal. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco.

Allen, A. K., Chen, P-W., & Morsella, E. (2014). Consciousness and the flanker task: Task-set rehearsal and subliminal flankers. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco.

Krisst, L. C., Chen, P-W., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. (2014). Revisiting Libet's paradigm: EEG of response uncertainty and effects of action on temporal perception. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco.

Cho, H., Allen, A. K., Godwin, C. A., Montemayor, C., & Morsella, E. (2014). Thought stopping through sustained imagery: Involuntary subvocalizations and the sense of agency. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco.

Garcia, A. C., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2014). Response interference during working memory-based action control: A new interference paradigm for neuroimaging. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, Boston.

Allen, A. K., Merrick, C., Wilkins, K., & Morsella, E. (2013). The reflexive imagery task: Unintentional imagery despite extensive training and voluntary set selection. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, San Diego.

Krisst, L. C., Allen, A. K., Lanska, M., & Morsella, E. (2013). Subliminal priming of spontaneously experienced memories. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, San Diego.

Allen, A. K., Wilkins, K., Merrick, C., & Morsella, E. (2013). The reflexive imagery task: A new, robust paradigm for neuroimaging. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Merrick, C., Cooper, S., Jantz, T. K., & Morsella, E. (2013). Working memory based action control: Increased refreshing rate in the face of interference. Poster presented at the Annual California Cognitive Science Conference, Berkeley.

Chen, P-W., Allen, A. K., Montemayor, C., & Morsella, E. (2013). Perceptual conflict over time and between modalities: Comparing bistable percepts and intersensory illusions. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Samaha, J., Lynn, M. T., Jantz, T. J., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2013). Still searching for the phonological store: EEG correlates implicating motor and perceptual regions. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Krisst, L. C., Robinson, M. M., & Morsella, E. (2013). Revisiting Libet's studies: Effect of volition on time perception and response interference. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Godwin, C. A., Garcia, A. C., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2013). EEG correlates of spontaneous thoughts triggered by external stimuli and stimulus-independent cognitions. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Samaha, J. M., Morsella, E., Geisler, M. W. (2012). Motor aspects of auditory imagery: Evidence for a Broca's area network. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, Brighton, UK.

Godwin, C. A., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2012). EEG correlates of spontaneous thoughts and their introspection-based psychic determinants. Poster accepted for presentation at the Bay Area Memory Meeting, Davis, California.

Krisst, L. C., & Morsella, E. (2012). Introspections about visual sensory memory during the classic Sperling iconic memory task. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago.

Jantz, T., Tomory, J. J., Schweiger, E. B., & Morsella, E. (2012). Subjective and behavioral effects of external distractors on items in working memory. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago.

Godwin, C. A., Hubbard, J., Schweiger, E., McBride [Allen], A., & Morsella, E. (2012). Subjective effects in a response-effect compatibility paradigm with subliminal distractors. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago.

Chen, P-W., Jantz, T. K., Cooper, S., & Morsella, E. (2012). Action set from training-based versus working memory-based knowledge: Subjective and performance effects. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago.

McBride [Allen], A., Godwin, C. A., Montemayor, C., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2012). The phenomenal self: Introspections about the internal observer and origins of thoughts. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago.

Samaha, J. M., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2012). The role of Broca's area and supramarginal gyrus in auditory imagery. Poster presentated at the Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association.

Cooper, S., Jantz, T., Hubbard, J., & Morsella, E. (2012). The limits of self-control: Susceptibility of goal-related representations to externally-triggered distraction. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Diego.

Godwin, C. A., & Morsella, E. (2012). The history of a thought: Instrospection-based 'psychic determinants' of spontaneous thought. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Diego.

Robinson, M. M., & Morsella, E. (2012). The subjective cost of everyday thinking (comparing, attending, and choosing): Implications for social cognition research. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Diego.

Simpson, B., Matsumoto, D., Morsella, E., & Olide, A. (2012). On the functional activation of emotions in goal pursuit. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Diego.

Tomory, J., Jantz, T., Morsella, E. (2012). Disturbing working memory: Rehearsal, imagery, and latency effects from external distractors. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, Chicago.

Godwin, C. A., McBride [Allen], A., Montemayor, C., Geisler, M. W., & Morsella, E. (2012). Phenomenology of the stream of consciousness: Introspections about thoughts and the internal observer. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, Chicago.

Cooper, S., Dennehy, T. C., & Morsella, E. (2012). Action and consciousness: Entry into awareness from behavioral inclinations and perceptual motor resonance. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, Chicago.

McBride [Allen], A., Lanska, M., & Morsella, E. (2011). Subliminal and task-related determinants of spontaneously-experienced autobiographical memory. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, D.C.

Hubbard, J., Godwin, C. A., Sigman, M., & Morsella, E. (2011). The cost of consciousness: The processing of simultaneous subliminal and supraliminal stimuli. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, D.C.

Zarolia, P., Jantz, T., Hubbard, J., & Morsella, E. (2011). Beyond the flanker task: Interference from incentivized distracters, anticipated action-effects, and refreshed representations. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Bedo, N., Lynn, M. T., Morsella, E., & Geisler, M. W. (2011). Neural components of conscious and unconscious conflict: An EEG study. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Dennehy, T. C., & Morsella, E. (2011). Entry into attentional awareness as a function of top-down action-related activation versus bottom-up perceptual salience. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco.

Dennehy, T. C., Hubbard, J., & Morsella, E. (2011). Nisbett and Wilson (1977) revisited: The little that we can know and can tell. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, Texas.

Morsella, E., Jantz, T., & Tomory, J. J. (2011). Subjective and agency-related effects of controlled versus automatic processing: A quantitative review. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, Texas.

Hubbard, J., Molapour, T., Dennehy, T. C., & Morsella, E. (2011). The subjective consequences of experiencing random events. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, Texas.

Hubbard, J., Morsella, E., Rigby, T., & Gazzaley, A., (2010). Inter-representational dynamics: endogenously-generated representations in working memory yield the interference effects found with external stimuli. Poster presented at the California Cognitive Science Conference, Berkeley, CA.

Molapour, T., Berger, C. C., Dennehy, T. C., & Morsella, E. (2010). Awareness during cognitive conflict: Double blindness and introspections about speed of processing. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Boston, Massachusetts.

Dennehy, T. C., & Morsella, E. (2010). Doing is for perceiving: Does causal action influence entry into attentional awareness? Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Boston, Massachusetts.

Molapour, T., Lynn, M. T., Zarolia, P., Riddle, T. A., & Morsella, E. (2010). Valence from conflict: Its influence on likeability of perceptible and subliminal stimuli. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Las Vegas, Nevada. For a review of this challenging line of research, request reprint of Molapour, T., & Morsella, E. "Valence from conflict? Preliminary evidence from Stroop interference," Language Acquisition.

Hubbard, J., Lynn, M. T., Zarolia, P., & Morsella, E. (2010). Internally-generated representations yield the facilitation and interference effects found with external stimuli. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Boston, Massachusetts.

Berger, C. C., Lynn, M. T., Riddle, T. A., & Morsella, E. (2010). The 'what' of doing: Lay perceptions of action and illusory intentions to act. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Lanska, M., Ben-Zeev, A., & Morsella, E. (2010). Future action influences the content of spontaneous autobiographical memory: A new paradigm. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Luong, H. N., Morsella, E., & Paik, J. H. (2010). Giving children a prefrontal cortex: Maintaining 'set' through external cues. Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Cancun, Mexico.

Luong, H. N., Paik, J. H., & Morsella, E. (2010). Giving children a  prefrontal cortex: Using environmental stimulus to supplant existing  interference. Paper presented at the 17th International Conference on Learning, Hong Kong, China.

Berger, C. C., Bargh, J. A., & Morsella, E. (2009). Perturbing metacognition: Tip-of-the-tongue state contagion and the urge fan effect. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, California.

Cigarchi, S., Zarolia, P., & Morsella, E. (2009). How different modes of cognitive control influence affective/incentive States. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, California.

Lanska, M., Rigby, T., & Morsella, E. (2009). The forward-looking bias of the mind/brain: How future tasks breed intrusive cognitions. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, California.

Rigby, T., & Morsella, E. (2009). Conscious of conflict, but not of the triggering stimuli. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, California.

Larson, L. R. L., Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2009). Mental modes: Expertise priming influences behavioral dispositions in expertise-unrelated contexts. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, California.

Zarolia, P., & Morsella, E. (2009). The role of indirect cognitive control in activating affective/incentive states. Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Portland, Oregon.

Cigarchi, S., & Morsella, E. (2009). Subjective fatigue, self-regulation, and mental rotation. Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association Annual Convention. Portland, Oregon.

Rigby, T., Riddle, T. A., Berger, C. C., & Morsella, E. (2009). Conscious of conflict but not of the eliciting stimulus: Implications for the neuroscience of cognitive control. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco, California.

Lanska, M., Rigby, T., & Morsella, E. (2009). The prospective brain: How future actions breed intrusive cognitions and interfere with current tasks. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco, California.

Riddle, T. A., & Morsella, E. (2009). Is that me? Authorship processing as a function of intra-psychic conflict. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, California.

Rigby, T., Acosta, K., & Morsella, E. (2009). Does conscious conflict require awareness of the triggering stimulus? Implications for social cognition research. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Tampa, Florida.

Berger, C. C., Wilson, L. E., Bargh, J. A., & Morsella, E. (2009). Cognitive dynamics underlying the subjective aspects of self-control. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Tampa, Florida.

Riddle, T. A., & Morsella, E. (2009). Is that me? The influence of subjective conflict on authorship processing. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Tampa, Florida.

Lanska, M., Morsella, E., Ben-Zeev, A., and Bargh, J. A. (2009). The spontaneous thoughts of the night: How future action breeds intrusive congnitions. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Tampa, Florida.

Rigby, T. (2009). Metacognition without the cognition: Subjective effects of interference from subliminal stimuli and prospective memory. Presented at the Annual Psi Chi Conference at San Francisco State University.

Kang, Y. N., Morsella, E., Shamosh, N. A., Bargh, J. A., Gray, J. R. (2008). The essence of subjective conflict during self-control: Neural correlates of sustaining incompatible intentions. Proceeding of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California.

Larson, L. R. L., Morsella, E., & Bargh, J. A. (2008). Mental Modes: Direct effects of expertise-based priming on action. Poster presented at Poster presented at the Judgment and Decision-Making Preconference at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Morsella, E., Honhongva, M. K., & Bargh, J. A. (2007). On the function of consciousness: The subjective consequences of priming conflicting actions. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Memphis, Tennessee.

Morsella, E., Gray, J. R., Levine, L. R., & Bargh, J. A. (2006). On the function of consciousness: The subjective experience of incompatible intentions. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Society, New York City.

Morsella, E., Romero, R., Halim, J., & Krauss, R. M. (2003). Judging social identity from voice and photograph. Poster presented at the Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Los Angeles, California.

Camacho, C. J., Higgins, E. T., & Morsella, E. (2001). The mere categorization effect: A little knowledge is a dangerous thing. Presented as a 'Hot Topic' talk at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Society, Montreal, Canada.

Morsella, E. (2004). The cognitive role of conscious states: Supramodular interaction theory (SIT). Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Society, Chicago, Illinois.

Morsella E., & Krauss, R. M. (1999). Electromyography of arm during the lexical retrieval of abstract and concrete words. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Psychophysiology, Granada, Spain. Psychophysiology, 36, S82-S82. (This poster presentation led to a publication in Journal of Psycholinguistic Research.)