Study Guide for Exam 1 Monday September 21


The exam is online via iLearn; 8a-12 noon; 50 question, 60 minutes limit.

You may use one page, one side of handwritten notes during your test.


It is best to study by understanding concepts and their connections and think of examples rather than facts and definitions. The questions will be conceptual and applied in nature.


Chapter 1 History and systems

How do we develop scientific knowledge?

What is the relationship between genes and environment in determining behavior?

What are the basic principles of evolutionary psychology, e.g adaptation, fitness?

Understand what is meant by levels of analysis and how does each perspective interpret behavior?

What is the difference between structuralism vs functionalism? What is introspection?

What are the basic principles of behaviorist?

What are the basic assumptions of psychodynamics (Freudian); limitations as a theory and what are the basics of neo Freudianism?

What are the basic principles of the other theories/perspectives: Humanism, Cognitive; Social-cultural, Biological/neuroscience?


Chapter 2 Research Methods

What is empiricism?

What are the steps in scientific method? Why is the scientific method important for psychology?

What are the characteristics of experimentation (control, random assignment; independent, dependent and subject/participant variables).

Why is randomization important?

What is validity and reliability? How are they related?

What are confounds? What are sources of bias in the data?

What is the difference between experimentation and correlation?

What is placebo effect? What is meant by na•ve or (double)blind research?

What limitations are there in observational data?

What is the difference between a positive and negative correlation?

Regarding self report, questionnaires, surveys; what are the sources of bias in the data?

What is archival data? Case study?

What is the role of IRB? Understand the concept of ethics and informed consent in research.

Know the basic principles of descriptive vs inferential statistics, i.e. why do we use statistics?


Chapter 13 Personality

What are type theories?

What are the Freudian stages of psychosexual development and how does fixation affect personality?

What are the three components of the personality (ala Freud) and how do they relate to consciousness?

Understand the different types defense mechanisms.

What was the central focus of Horney in explaining personality? and Adler?

What is the neo-Freudian perspective? (objects relations)

What are the basis assumptions of humanism? How did humanism change the view of personality?

What is self concept? How does it relate to personality?

What are traits? To what degree are they biologically and genetically based?

What are the Big Five? What factors are most genetically influenced?

What is locus of control? Self-monitoring?

How does temperament relate to personality?

What is the connection between learning and cognition and personality?

How much of personality is influenced by genetics?

What is the connection between personality and temperament?

How is personality measured? Ideographic vs. nomothetic

What are projective measures? What aspect of personality do they reveal?

How does situational factors affect personality? Mishel

How stable is personality over the lifespan?

What is the interactionist view of personality?

What evidence do we have of the connection between brain chemistry and personality? (Specifically the effects of dopamine, seratonin on personality and recreational psychotropics)


Chapter 14 Disorders

How does insanity differ from psychopathology?

What characteristics must be considered in determining mental illness?

What is pathological bias/labeling? (Rosenhan study)

What is meant by the diathesis stress model?

What is a family systems view of pathology?

What is the DSM? Why is it useful? What are its down sides?

What is the connection between neurochemistry and mental illness?

What social factors influence mental illness?

What are the symptoms of depression? Anxiety disorders? (these are the  most common disorders)

What is SAD?

How is bipolarity different from depression?

What is learned helplessness and its relationship to depression?

What are the characteristics of OCD? What brain structures are involved?

What is the difference between panic attacks and phobias?

What are positive and negative symptoms w/ respect to schizophrenia?

Why is schizophrenia primarily a biological disorder?

Know the basic issues of the film: A Brilliant Madness (AV#65587) shown in class?

What is a pervasive etiology of dissocialize (multiple personality) personality disorder?

What are the characteristics of borderline personality disorder? How is it different from antisocial personality disorder?

Why are personality disorders controversial?