Study Guide Exam 3 Monday, November 9 Psychology 200
The exam is online via iLearn; 8a-12 noon; 50 question, 60 minutes limit.
You may use one page, one side of handwritten notes during your test.
It is best to study by understanding concepts and their connections and think of examples rather than facts and definitions. The questions will be conceptual and applied in nature.
Chapter 6 Learning
-know the basic principles of classical and operant conditioning
-know what is meant by generalization, discrimination
-what is spontaneous recovery
-know what is meant by acquisition, extinction
-what is latent learning
-types of reinforcers, primary vs secondary
-schedules of reinforcement
-characteristics of punishment; types of punishment╔why is punishment often ineffective?
-what is taste aversion? how is it learned?
-characteristics of observational learning╔what factors affect observational learning?
-the brain and learning: what is habituation and sensitization and how do neurotransmitter levels affect learning?
-what is the role of pleasure centers in learning?
Chapter 7 Memory
-what is meant by the subjective, reconstructive nature of memory?
-know the memory stores (sensory, STM, LTM) and their characteristics and purpose╔with regard to capacity and duration etc.
-understand working memory: executive, phonological loop, visiospatial sketchpad
-what is explicit vs implicit memory?
-what is meant by serial position effect?
-what are the types of LTM (semantic,, procedural, episodic; declarative vs non-declarative)?
-what is meant by encoding, storage, retrieval?
-how does elaboration effect memory both with encoding and retrieval?
-what is recognition versus recall memory?
-what is the role of schema in memory?
-spreading activation and hierarchical structure of memory?
-types of memory errors: transience (retroactive vs proactive interference), blocking, absentmindedness, etc.
-what is state dependent memory?, context dependent memory?
-what brain structures are specifically involved in memory; how does emotion affect memory?
-how long does the hippocampus store memories before transferring them to the cortex?
-where are skill memories stored in the brain?
-what is the quality of eyewitness memory? How about repressed memories?
-basic theories of attention; visual vs auditory attention
Chapter 8 Cognition and Intelligence
-what is meant by techniques of cognitive economy: grouping, semantic networks?
-how does limited capacity affect cognition; what is the role of heuristics?
-what are concept based models: prototype, defining attributes?
-how do scripts aid cognition? schemas?
-how do insight-components affect problem solving?
-how does expected utility affect decision making? prospect and regret theory; in general, -normative vs descriptive models of decision making.
-characteristics of human language (symbolic, generative etc)
-language concepts: phoneme, morpheme
-development of language
-what is crystallized versus fluid intelligence?
-basic concept of IQ: what is meant by age?
-what was Binet's contribution to intelligence?
-what is the relative contribution of genes and environment to IQ?
-what is Gardner's concept of intelligences?