Andrew Oliphant Department of Geography

Image: Photos of field research and educational experiences

Andrew Oliphant: Research

mmsf tower
My research interests center around interactions between Earth's surface and atmosphere, particularly exchanges of energy, water and carbon. I study applications of micrometeorology to biophysical processes, carbon cycling, surface energy balance and surface hydrological exchanges. Surfaces of particular interest are terrestrial ecosystems and urban environments. For the most part my research involves field- based experiments to explore characteristics of the atmosphere near the surface.. Some recent examples include:

 

 

Fog capture and analysis on the northern Californa coast

Micrometeorological changes over Black Rock City, 2013: The Burning Man Experiment

Ecosystem CO2, water and heat fluxes on the California Academy of Sciences living roof in San Francisco, CA

Bio-hydrological exchanges in northern Sierra Nevada meadows
The park-cool island effect of Golden Gate Park, San Francisco

 

Recent publications:


Castelvi, F. and Oliphant, A. J. 2017: Daytime sensible and latent heat flux estimates in a mountain meadow using a method based on surface renewal which requires land surface temperature and measurements taken at low frequency as input. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 236, 135-144.


Weiss-Penzias, P., Coale, K. Heim, W., Fernandez, D., Oliphant, A.J., Dodge, C., Hoskins, D., Farlin, J., Moranville, R. and Olson, A., 2016: Total- and monomethyl-mercury and major ions in coastal California fog water: Results from two years of sampling on land and at sea Total- and monomethyl-mercury in coastal California fog on land and at sea, Elem Sci Anth 4: 00101. DOI:10.12952/journal.elementa.000101


Thompson, A., Davis, J.D. and Oliphant, A.J., 2016: Surface runoff and soil erosion under eucalyptus and oak canopy. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, DOI: 10.1002/esp.3881


Oliphant, A.J., Hindmarsh, R.C.A., Cullen, N.J. and Lawson, W. 2015: Microclimate and mass fluxes of debris laden ice surfaces in the Taylor Valley, Antarctica, Antarctic Science, 27, 85-100. doi:10.1017/S095410201400053.


Clements, C. and Oliphant, A.J., 2014: The California State University- Mobile Atmospheric Profiling System (CSU-MAPS): A facility for research and education in boundary-layer meteorology, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 1713-1724. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00179.1


Pisek, J., Ryu, Y., Sprintsin, M., He, L., Oliphant, A.J., Korhonen, L. Kuusk, J. Kuusk, A., Bergstrom, R., Verrelst, J., Alikas, K., 2013: Retrieving vegetation clumping index from Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) data at 275 m resolution, Remote Sensing of Environment, 138, 126-133. ISSN 0034-4257.


Steiner, A.L, Mermelstein, D., Cheng, S.J., Twine, T.E. and Oliphant, A.J., 2013: Observed impact of atmospheric aerosols on the surface energy budget. Earth Interactions, 17, 1-22.
Pisek, J. and Oliphant, A.J., 2013: A note on the height variation of foliage clumping: comparison with remote sensing retrievals. Remote Sensing Letters, 4, 400-408.

 

Pisek, J. and Oliphant, A.J., 2013: A note on the height variation of foliage clumping: comparison with remote sensing retrievals. Remote Sensing Letters, 4, 400-408.

 

Oliphant, A.J. 2012: Terrestrial ecosystem-atmosphere exchange of CO2, water and energy from FLUXNET; Review and meta-analysis of a global in-situ observatory. Geography Compass, (in press).


Oliphant, A.J., Zawar-reza, P., Azizi, G., Dehghanpour, A. and Harrison, J., 2011: Surface energy and water vapor fluxes observed in a desert plantation in central Iran. Journal of Arid Environments, 75, 926-935, doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.03.011.


Oliphant, A.J, Dragoni, D., Deng, B, Grimmond, C.S.B., Schmid, H-P. and Scott, S.L., 2011: The role of sky conditions on gross primary production in a mixed deciduous forest, Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 151, 781-79, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.01.005.


Yang, W., Ni-Meister, W., Kiang, N., Moorcroft, P., Strahler, A.H. and Oliphant, A., 2010: A clumped-Foliage Canopy Radiative Transfer Model for Global Dynamic Terrestrial Ecosystem Model II: Validation, Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 150(7-8):895-907, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.02.008.

 

 

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